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All Electronic Resources

A P Images (1844-) Access What Is It? Current and historical archive from the Associated Press. Includes over 1 million primary source photos, 24,000 maps, logos, and graphics, and more than 4,500 hours of audio files dating from the 1920's.

Why Use It? To find photographs; maps, sound bites.

ABI/INFORM Complete (1980 - present) Access What Is It? The database features 6,800 journals, 80% in fulltext, dissertations, working papers, key business and economics periodicals such as the Economist, country-and industry-focused reports, and downloadable data. Its international coverage gives researchers a complete picture of companies and business trends around the world.

Why Use It? Find business information

AccessScience (Current) Access What Is It? Encyclopedia for the sciences; electronic equivalent of the 8th edition of the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology with added content.

Why Use It? Read overviews of topics in the sciences. Look up definitions of general scientific terms. Find brief biographies of major scientists.

ACM Digital Library (1954-Present) Access What Is It? Electronic archive for all journals, magazines, transactions, and proceedings published by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) since 1954.

Why Use It? Search computer science literature published by ACM. Browse tables of contents for ACM publications. Retrieve the full-text of ACM published materials.

Adams Historical Society What Is It? Website of Adams Historical Society which is committed to "to discover and collect any material which may help to establish or illustrate the history of our area; its exploration, settlement, development, and activities in peace and in war". Includes slide shows of historical images and contact information for students of local history of Northern Berkshire.

Why Use It? To access images, photographs, and other information relating to the local history of Adams, North Adams, and Northern Berkshire County

Administration on Aging - Statistics on the Aging Population (Coverage Varies) What Is It? Profile and compilation of statistics on people 65 and older in the United States. Data include breakdowns by race and ethnicity, wellness and disabilities.

Why Use It? Find statistics on people 65 and older.

African American Almanac (2008, 10th ed.) Access What Is It? Includes chronology of important events in African American history and African American firsts, excerpts of primary source documents, biographical profiles, essays, photographs, illustrations, maps and statistical charts. Arranged by broad subject areas; a bibliography for each area appears separately.

Why Use It? Find brief historical and current information on African American history, society and culture. Find brief biographies about prominent African Americans and information about African American organizations. Find selected statistics related to African Americans.

African American Newspapers (1827-1998) Access What Is It? Provides online access to approximately 270 U.S. newspapers chronicling a century and a half of the African American experience. Features papers from more than 35 states—including many rare and historically significant 19th century titles.

Why Use It? Find newspaper articles by African Americans and about African American history and culture in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality What Is It? The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's (AHRQ) mission is to improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of health care for all Americans. As 1 of 12 agencies within the Department of Health and Human Services, AHRQ supports research that helps people make more informed decisions and improves the quality of health care services. AHRQ was formerly known as the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research.

Why Use It? Find information about healthcare costs.

Agricola (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Bibliographic database of citations, compiled by the National Agricultural Library, that indexes agricultural literature. Includes citations to journal articles, book chapters, reports, etc.

Why Use It? Find materials on agriculture and related disciplines, including entomology, plant sciences, forestry, aquaculture, farming, agricultural economics, nutrition, and environmental sciences

Agricultural Research Service (recent / current) What Is It? The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is the U.S. Department of Agriculture's chief scientific research agency. Searchable database of research reports, and ongoing agricultural research projects.

Why Use It? To find reports, descriptions and analysis of current issues in agricultural research. To identify topics of current research in the U.S.

Alternative Press Archive (1969-1990) Access What Is It? Database indexing articles published in about 250 alternative, radical and left publications. Created by the Alternative Press Center.

Why Use It? Find articles in alternative news sources not indexed in Expanded Academic Index or Web of Science. Gain another angle on your topic. Research topics that may not be well covered in the mainstream press.

Alternative Press Index (1991-Present) Access What Is It? Database indexing articles published in about 250 alternative, radical and left publications. Created by the Alternative Press Center.

Why Use It? Find articles in alternative news sources not indexed in Expanded Academic Index or Web of Science. Gain another angle on your topic. Research topics that may not be well covered in the mainstream press.

Alternative Press Index [Combined] (1969-Present) Access What Is It? Database indexing articles published in about 250 alternative, radical and left publications. Created by the Alternative Press Center.

Why Use It? Search Alternative Press Archive (1969-1990) and Alternative Press Index (1991-Present) together. Find articles in alternative news sources not indexed in Expanded Academic Index or Web of Science. Gain another angle on your topic. Research topics that may not be well covered in the mainstream press.

America: History and Life (1964-Present) Access What Is It? An index to scholarly articles, dissertations, and book reviews on the history and culture of North America (United States and Canada) from prehistory to the present. Covers approximately 1,800 journals.

Why Use It? Research the history of the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present. Find reviews of books written by historians.

American Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies (1990-Present) Access What Is It? An index to North American scholarship on Eastern Europe, Russia, and the former Soviet Union that includes journal articles, books, book chapters, book reviews, dissertations, and selected government publications published in the United States and Canada.

Why Use It? Research Russian, Soviet, and East European history, culture and literature. Find reviews of books written by historians.

American Civil War: Letters and Diaries (1848-1897) Access What Is It? Selections from 400 sources of diaries, letters, and memoirs that provide detailed access to thousands of views on almost every aspect of the American Civil War.

Why Use It? Access first-person accounts of historical characters, glimpses of daily life, anecdotes about key events and personages and tales of sufferings on the home front.

American Community Survey (2005-present) What Is It? The American Community Survey (ACS) is a nationwide survey and a critical element in the Census Bureau's reengineered decennial census program. The ACS collects and produces population and housing information every year instead of every ten years.

Why Use It? To find, beginning with the 2005 ACS, 1-year estimates of demographic, social, economic and housing characteristics for geographic areas with a population of 65,000 or more. This includes the nation, all states and the District of Columbia, all congressional districts, approximately 800 counties, and 500 metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas, among others.

American FactFinder (1990-current) What Is It? The U.S. Census Bureau's updated American FactFinder incorporates data from the Decennial Census, the American Community Survey, and the Economic Census, among others.

Why Use It? To get current United States population, housing, economic, and geographic data.

American Film Institute Catalog (Current) Access What Is It? Authoritative resource for American film information, covering the history of American cinema comprehensively from 1893 to 1975, with additional records covering selected major films from 1975 onwards.

Why Use It? Research American filmography.

American Memory (1700's - present) What Is It? "provides free and open access through the Internet to written and spoken words, sound recordings, still and moving images, prints, maps, and sheet music that document the American experience."

Why Use It? To get information in many formats that document the American experience in arts, politics, social issues and law.

American Presidency Project (1789 - present) What Is It? Oral and written addresses, executive orders, proclamations, signing statements, press conferences, radio and TV broadcasts, party platforms, state-level presidential election returns; and more..

Why Use It? To search for and access comparative historical and political information about United States Presidents through their public communications; includes the Public Papers of the Presidents and the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents for recent Presidents.

Année Philologique (1969-Present) Access What Is It? Bibliography covering all aspects of classical studies including authors and texts, literature, history, law, philosophy, and archaeology. Covers historical time periods from prehistory to the Middle Ages. Print version also available in Sawyer Reference PA3017.9 .A6.

Why Use It? Find articles, sections from collected books on issues related to Classics and Antiquity.

Anthropological Index Online (1957-Present) What Is It? Index to journals housed in the Anthropology Library at the The British Museum (formerly Museum of Mankind). Journals cover all branches of anthropology and come from academic institutions and publishers around the world.

Why Use It? To find research articles and essays in the fields of cultural, physical anthropology and archaeology.

Anthropological Literature (Early 19th Century-Present) Access What Is It? Index to the anthropology journals housed in the Tozzer library at Harvard. Covers anthropology, archeology and related disciplines such as art history, economics, psychology, religion and ethnic studies. Includes book reviews.

Why Use It? To find research articles and essays in the fields of cultural, physical anthropology and archaeology.

AnthroSource (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Archive of scholarly journals, newsletters, and bulletins published by the American Anthropological Association, including access to 15 current AAA publications. Links are provided to articles in JSTOR.

Why Use It? To find research articles and essays in the fields of cultural, physical anthropology and archaeology.

Applied Science & Technology Abstracts (1983-Present) Access What Is It? Abstracts for scientific periodicals, trade publications, and conference proceedings in the areas of applied, engineered, pure or interdisciplinary sciences.

Why Use It? Find articles on how scientific ideas are applied in everyday life. Research cross disciplinary scientific topics.

Archive Finder (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Directory describes over 220,000 collections of primary source material housed in thousands of repositories across the United States, the United Kingdom and Ireland.

Why Use It? Find primary source collections on a particular topic or to obtain contact information for an archival collection.

ArchiveGrid (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Index to major museum and archive collections in the United States and throughout the world. Contact information for accessing the collection is included.

Why Use It? Locate historical documents, family documents, and personal papers collected in the world's archives and museums

ARDA: Association of Religion Data Archives (1980 - present) What Is It? Searchable by category, popularity, denomination, and more, the Association of Religion Data Archives presents data submitted by religion scholars and research centers around the world.

Why Use It? To get authoritative U.S. religion data by county, and international data at the national and regional levels, on denominations, religious traditions, specific congregations and memberships.

Art Abstracts (1984-Present) Access What Is It? Index to scholarly articles in art and related disciplines (anthropology, architecture, design, video art). Emphasis on Western art. For articles in pre-1984 publications use Art Index Retrospective.

Why Use It? Survey scholarly articles and other literature on an art topic. Research an artist or movement. Find books reviews and biographical articles.

Art Images for College Teaching (Coverage Varies) What Is It? Collection of images of art and architectural works in the public domain, distributed on a free-access, free-use basis. Emphasis on ancient, medieval, and the Renaissance in Europe. Hosted by the Department of Art History at the University of Minnesota.

Why Use It? Find free and public domain images of art and architecture.

Art Index Retrospective (1929-1984) Access What Is It? Companion to Art Abstracts. Index to scholarly art journals and other materials published before 1984. Emphasis on Western art.

Why Use It? Search for scholarly articles in pre-1984 art journals. Gain an historical perspective on a topic. Find published reproductions of artworks.

Art Index [Combined] (1929-Present) Access What Is It? Index to scholarly articles in art and related disciplines (anthropology, architecture, design, video art). Emphasis on Western art.

Why Use It? Search Art Index Retrospective (1929-1984) and Art Abstracts (1984-Present) together. Survey scholarly articles and other literature on an art topic. Research an artist or movement. Find books reviews and biographical articles.

Art Sales Catalogues online (1600-1900) Access What Is It? 27,656 art sales catalogs from 1600 to 1900.

Why Use It? Research sales of art work.

ARTBibliographies Modern (1979-Present) Access What Is It? Index to scholarly articles focusing on contemporary (20th and 21st century) art.

Why Use It? Find articles about contemporary artists and artistic movements. Search for biographical information, performance or exhibit reviews.

ARTFL (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Database of full-text French texts. Genre include:novels, verse, theater, journalism, essays, correspondence, and treatises. Subjects include: literary criticism, biology, history, economics, and philosophy.

Why Use It? Locate the full-text version of classic French texts. Research French literature and language.

Arts and Humanities Citation Index (1975-Present) Access What Is It? One of three databases included in Web of Science. It indexes scholarly journal articles in the arts and humanities.

Why Use It? Find authors that cited a particular paper. Track research by moving backward and forward in time through a specified discipline. Search Tutorial

ARTstor (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Digital archive of images from museum collections. Focuses on art, architecture, painting, photography, sculpture, decorative arts and design. Also includes images in the field of archaeology, anthropology and social history.

Why Use It? Find images from art, architecture and archeology. Search for master works of art from America, Asia and Europe. Research representations of visual and material culture across cultures and time periods.

ArXiv (Coverage Varies) What Is It? Moderated repository for scholarly articles in the areas of physics, mathematics, and computer science.

Why Use It? Search the full-text for information in the areas of physics, mathematics, and computer science. Free access. Includes e-prints and preprints.

AskART (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? AskArt contains a collection of resources on artists and their works. These resources include biographical information, information about Museums and art associations, a database of auction information, etc.

Why Use It? Find current Art for sale; find an artist or museum; find biographical information about an artist

Atlanta Journal and Constitution Historical (1868 - 1945) Access What Is It? Digitized version of the Atlanta Journal and Constitution, can be searched by topics or browsed by sections of the paper.

Why Use It? Find articles, advertisements, etc. from the Atlanta Journal and Constitution

Atlanta Journal-Constitution (2001-Present) Access

Atlas of Historical County Boundaries (Historical Time Period Covered: 1600s-2000) What Is It? Describes and maps every change in the boundaries of all United States counties from the early 1600s to 2000. It compiles and maps all changes in boundaries, showing the evolution of the states, county name changes, unsuccessful proposed counties, and attachments of unorganized counties and non-county areas to operational counties.

Why Use It? Identify location and borders of U.S. counties throughout U.S. history. Determine which counties existed at a particular time period.

Atlas of North American English Access What Is It? Atlas of North American English is a multi-decade project that charts dialect shifts in American English. It includes the fulltext of the Atlas, maps, and speech samples.

Why Use It? Trace sound shifts in American English dialects.

Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1930-Present) Access What Is It? Index to articles in the fields of architecture and design, archaeology, landscape architecture, urban planning, interior design, and historic preservation.

Why Use It? Find articles on architecture and related disciplines (art, art history, archaeology, design). Search for biographical information on architects.

Beige Book (1970-) What Is It? The Beige Book is released two weeks prior to each FOMC meeting eight times per year. Each Federal Reserve bank gathers anecdotal information on current economic conditions in its district through reports from bank and branch directors and interviews with key businessmen, economists, market experts, Statistics are embedded in the summaries.

Why Use It? Find regional overviews of the US economy as provied by the twelve federal reserve banks.

Berkshire Eagle (2005-Present) Access

Bibliography of Asian Studies (1971-Present) Access What Is It? Index to scholarly articles, books and book chapters in Asian history and culture. Includes citations to all articles from the 100 most-used journals in Asian studies. See also print index (Sawyer REF DS5 .B52) covering materials published from 1941 to 1970.

Why Use It? Research Asian history, art, culture and literature.

Bibliography of the History of Art (1990-2007) Access What Is It? Index to journal articles, books, essays, conference proceedings, and exhibition catalogs in the field of art history. Covers Western art from late Antiquity to the present.

Why Use It? Search for scholarly articles and books on art history topics. Research exhibitions. Search for information about artists. Learn about art in a specific century or historical period.

Biographical Memoirs (Sciences) (1887 - Present)

Biography in Context Access What Is It? Provides full text of biographical profiles from reference sources, related articles from newspapers, magazines, and journals, and multimedia content. Covers people from all periods of history from around the world.

Why Use It? Read quick summary or description of personal information on a particular individual. Find an in-depth overview of the subject's life and accomplishments. Research the place of a subject in history or society, a particular field of endeavor, or the news.

Biography Index: Past and Present (1946-Present) Access What Is It? An index to biographical articles and essays published in periodicals and in collective or individual biographies. Also indexes incidental biographical material in otherwise non-biographical books. Subjects indexed range from antiquity to the present and represent all fields and nationalities.

Why Use It? Gather biographical information. Search through biographical dictionaries and Who's Who.

Biography Resource Center Access What Is It? Former title of Biography in Context. Click link to access the new database.

Why Use It? To find biographical information

Biological & Agricultural Index Plus (1983-Present ) Access What Is It? Bibliographic database covering topics in agriculture and related fields.

Why Use It? Search a variety of popular and professional scientific journals. Research interdisciplinary biological topics.

BioOne (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Full-text electronic access to critical, peer-reviewed research in the biological, ecological, and environmental sciences.

Why Use It? Search for full-text articles or book chapters in the areas of biological, ecological, and environmental sciences. Browse tables of contents.

Biosis (1969-Present) Access What Is It? Database providing access to the electronic version of Biological Abstracts. Index to literature in all areas of life sciences. Includes citation index.

Why Use It? Search the database that provides the most comprehensive coverage of biological literature. Find citations to abstracts of scholarly journal articles.

Birds of North America (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Provides comprehensive life histories for each of the 716+ species of birds breeding in the USA (including Hawaii) and Canada.

Why Use It? Find encyclopedic type information about bird species living in North America

Black Literature Criticism (2008 ed.) Access What Is It? Provides critiques of major African American Authors from 1950 to the present. Entries include a biographical profile, list of principal works, and excerpts of criticism.

Why Use It? Find biographical information about major African American authors and critics of their works.

Black Literature Index (1827-1940) Access What Is It? Electronic index to the Black Literature microfiche collection. Includes over 70,000 bibliographic citations for fiction, poetry and literary reviews published in 110 black periodicals and newspapers between 1827 and 1940.

Why Use It? To research black literature

Black Newspapers (Historical) Access What Is It? Searchable full-text articles and images from the following influential black newspapers:
Chicago Defender (1910 - 1975)
New York Amsterdam News (1922-1993)
Pittsburgh Courier (1911-2002)

Why Use It? Find articles on black life in 20th century United States.

Black Studies Center (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Black Studies Center comprises three resources: the Chicago Defender 1935-present (a highly influential African American newspaper), the Schomburg Studies on the Black Experience (containing video, commissioned essays, timelines and supported materials, and images), and the International Index to Black Periodicals (indexing the major Black journals, magazines, and newsletters in the Americas; fulltext for many articles from 1988+).

Why Use It? Find articles, video, manuscripts examining the Black experience in the Americas.

Black Thought and Culture (Early 19th-century - present) Access What Is It? Collection of approximately 100,000 pages of non-fiction writing by major American black leaders -- teachers, artists, politicians, religious leaders, athletes, war veterans, entertainers, and other figures. Includes the Black Panther newspaper.

Why Use It? The collection is intended for research in black studies, political science, American history, music, literature, and art. Study the historical development of black culture through letters, speeches, political leaflets, interviews, periodicals and essays by hundreds of notables.

Book Review Digest (1983-Present) Access What Is It? Provides excerpts from and citations to reviews of over 300,000 fiction and non-fiction English-language books published in leading magazines, newspapers, and scholarly journals as well as the library review media.

Why Use It? Find reviews about a particular book. Compile a list of reviews written by an author. Assess the significance of a book in a given time period.

Book Review Digest Retrospective (1905-1982) Access What Is It? Provides excerpts from and citations to reviews of over 300,000 fiction and non-fiction English-language books published in leading magazines, newspapers, and scholarly journals as well as the library review media.

Why Use It? Find reviews about a particular book. Compile a list of reviews written by an author. Assess the significance of a book in a given time period.

Book Review Digest [Combined] (1905-Present) Access What Is It? Provides excerpts from and citations to reviews of over 300,000 fiction and non-fiction English-language books published in leading magazines, newspapers, and scholarly journals as well as the library review media.

Why Use It? Search Book Review Digest Retrospective (1905-1982) and Book Review Digest (1983-Present) together. Find reviews about a particular book. Compile a list of reviews written by an author. Assess the significance of a book in a given time period.

Book Review Index Online (1965-Present) Access What Is It? Indexes reviews of books, books on tape, electronic media, and periodicals representing a wide range of academic, professional, and popular interests.

Why Use It? Find reviews about a particular book. Compile a list of reviews written by an author. Assess the significance of a book in a given time period.

Books in Print (Current) Access What Is It? List of titles that are in print, forthcoming, or declared out-of-print or out-of-stock. Many records contain excerpts from reviews.

Why Use It? Find out if a book is available for purchase. Get a list of books by an given author or on a given subject. Access brief book reviews (for more recent titles).

Boston Globe (1987-Present) Access

Boston Globe Historical (1872-1979) Access

Bureau of Justice Statistics (Coverage Varies) What Is It? The US Department of Justice - Bureau of Justice Statistics collects vast amount of information on crime and law enforcement in the United States. You can use this site to gain "At a Glance" statistics as well as more in-depth time-series data.

Why Use It? Find in-depth statistics on crime, law enforcement, prisons and jails.

Bureau of Labor Statistics (Coverage Varies) What Is It? Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) compiles data on the U.S. labor force. Data include employment, wages, productivity, inflation, etc. BLS also includes several "At a Glance" tables that provide overviews of labor statistics.

Why Use It? Find U.S. statistics on labor and employment.

Bureau of Transportation Statistics (Varies) What Is It? Research and Innovative Technologies Administration which includes the Bureau of Transportation collects extensive statistics on the US transportation industry.

Why Use It? Find tarmac wait time, statistics on road construction, statistics on border truck crossings, etc.

Business Dynamics Statistics (1976 - present) What Is It? Business Dynamics Statistics include measures of establishment openings and closings, firm startups, job creation and destruction by firm size, age, and industrial sector, and several other statistics on business dynamics.

Why Use It? These data can help economists, policy-makers, and the business community develop a more complete understanding of the dynamics of employment over the business cycle and the contribution of businesses of different age and size.

Business Insights: Essentials (Restricted) Access What Is It? Business Insights: Essentials provides users with the opportunity to investigate investment opportunities explore market-industry information and analysis and target new customers.

Why Use It? To explore business opportunities and to research market share data.

C-SPAN Video Library (1987-current) What Is It? Every C-SPAN program aired since 1987 is contained in the C-SPAN Archives and immediately accessible through the database. Programs are indexed by subject, speaker names, titles, affiliations, sponsors, committees, categories, formats, policy groups, keywords, and location. The congressional sessions and committee hearings are indexed by person with full-text.

Why Use It? To get primary source materials relating to any aspect of Congressional action since 1987.

CAMIO. Catalog of Art Museum Images Online (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Digital collection of about 90,000 works of art plus audio, video and mixed media. Difficult-to-find contemporary art is one of its strengths. Scope ranges from 3000 BC to the present.

Why Use It? To search image of works of art from museums around the world. Includes photographs, paintings, sculpture, decorative and utilitarian objects, prints, drawings and watercolors, jewelry and costumes, textiles and architecture. Difficult-to-find contemporary art is one of its strengths. Scope ranges from 3000 BC to the present.

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Access What Is It? CFDA is a database of all Federal programs available to state and local governments (including the District of Columbia); federally-recognized Indian tribal governments; Territories (and possessions) of the United States; domestic public, quasi-public, and private profit and nonprofit organizations and institutions; specialized groups; and individuals. After you find the program you want, contact the office that administers the program and find out how to apply. User Guide

Why Use It? Use CFDA to find information on available assistance, including how to write and submit your grant proposal.

Catalog of Government Publications (1976-current) What Is It? The CGP is the finding tool for federal publications issued through the Government Printing Office (GPO); includes descriptive records for historical and current publications and provides direct links to those that are available online.

Why Use It? Access official government publications made available through the United States Government Printing Office.

CEDAW: Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (1986 - current) What Is It? The Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) is the body of independent experts that monitors implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.

Why Use It? To get updates, reports, and access to other resources that help in understanding and tracking the ratifications, reservations, and other material related to CEDAW.

Census 2010 - Redistricting (PL94-171) Data (2010) Access What Is It? Basic census data to be used for the purposes of redistricting - data includes basic demographics at the block and census tract level. NOTE only works with a PC and Internet Explorer.

Why Use It? Find basic demographic data for the US based on the 2010 census

Census 2010 Summary File 1 (the short form) (2010) Access What Is It? Census of Population and Housing based on the 2010 Census short form. NOTE only works with a PC and Internet Explorer.

Why Use It? Do a population/housing analysis

Census of Population and Housing (1790-current) What Is It? United States Decennial Census of Population and Housing. Decennial Census reports; some years are incomplete. Data from 1790-1980 is in PDF format.

Why Use It? To get historical demographic data from United States decennial census.

Center for Research Libraries

Centers for Disease Control and protection (CDC) (varies) What Is It? Part of the Dept of Health and Human Services, the CDC is the nation′s premier health promotion, prevention, and preparedness agency and a global leader in public health. The CDC is at the forefront of public health efforts to prevent and control infectious and chronic diseases, injuries, workplace hazards, disabilities, and environmental health threats. CDC works with states and other partners to provide a system of health surveillance to monitor and prevent disease outbreaks (including bioterrorism), implement disease prevention strategies, and maintain national health statistics. CDC also guards against international disease transmission, with personnel stationed in more than 25 foreign countries.

Why Use It? To get data and materials relating to any aspect of the health of residents of the United states.

Centers of Medicare and Medicaid Services What Is It? Programs, Statistics, Policies on Medicare and Medicaid Services from the Department of Human Service.

Why Use It? To research Health Care issues in the United States.

Chicago Defender (1910-1975) Access

Chicago Manual of Style (16th and 15th editions) Access What Is It? Guide to the publishing process, style and usage, and documenting sources from the University of Chicago Press.

Why Use It? Learn how to format footnotes, bibliographies, author-date citations, and reference lists. Answer grammar, usage, spelling, and punctuation questions.

Chicago Tribune (1989-Present) Access

Chicago Tribune Historical (1849-1988) Access

Chicano Database (1960s-Present) Access What Is It? Index to all types of material for information about Mexican-American and Chicano topics; selective coverage back to 1900. Since 1992 covers the broader Latino experience, including Puerto Ricans, Cuban Americans, and Central American immigrants.

Why Use It? Research all aspects of the Mexican-American, Chicano and Latino experience, including art, literature, law, education, economics, politics, music, film, religion, health, psychology, sociology.

China Data Online (Varies) What Is It? Contains a wealth of statistics on the Chinese economy. Williams subscribes to resources focused on the economy, which are designated with by a folder expansion symbol.

Why Use It? Find economic data on china

Christian Science Monitor (1988-Present) Access

Christian Science Monitor Historical (1908 - 1998) Access

Chronicle of Higher Education (1995-) Access What Is It? Digital version of the Chronicle of Higher Education. Includes access to job classifieds and ability to subscribe to Academe Today, a daily e-mail report which summarizes the latest news in higher education. Academe Today Set up instructions

Why Use It? To research issues relating to higher education. To consult job classifieds for academic positions.

Civil Rights Digital Library (1954-1968) What Is It? "The initiative promotes an enhanced understanding of the Movement through its three principal components: 1) a digital video archive of historical news film allowing learners to be nearly eyewitnesses to key events of the Civil Rights Movement, 2) a civil rights portal providing a seamless virtual library on the Movement by connecting related digital collections on a national scale, and 3) a learning objects component delivering secondary Web-based resources"

Why Use It? To view footage of primary source news clips of Civil Rights era television coverage, plus other web-based secondary sources.

Civil Rights History Project (interviews conducted 2010-2015)

Code of Federal Regulations (1938 - present) Access What Is It? Codification (arranged by topic) of the rules and regulations (also called administrative law or federal regulations) published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the United States government. The CFR is published by the Office of the Federal Register, an agency of the National Archives and Records Administration. See CFR User Guide.

Why Use It? Use the Code of Federal Regulations to find out the specific regulations or rules by broad area (e.g., Environment) that are in use to implement or enforce current Federal law.

Columbia Gazetteer of the World Online (Current) Access What Is It? Entries in the Gazetteer include basic information on many of the following: demography; physical geography; political boundaries; industry, trade, and service activities; agriculture; cultural, historical, and archeological points of interest; transportation lines; longitude, latitude, and elevations; distance to relevant places; pronunciations; official local government place-names and changed or variant names and spellings.Their length varies from a brief notation on a small village to an essay on a country or region

Why Use It? Look up Geographical information; check the spelling of a place name; gather basic socio-demographic information about cities, towns, regions worldwide.

Commonwealth of Massachusetts (current) What Is It? Official website of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts

Why Use It? Find information about Massachusetts laws, policies, citizen information, links to localities and more.

CONGRESS.gov: legislative information on the Internet (Varies: most complete from 1994 - Present) What Is It? Provides free access to a wide range of legislative information on the Congress, including the full text of the Congressional Record and bills for the 103rd (1993) to the present Congress, a directory of congressional committees and members of Congress, the weekly floor schedule for the House, and a schedule of daily committee hearings.

Why Use It? Find United States Congress legislative information.

Congressional Publications (1789 - Present) Access What Is It? Index and full-text of Congressional prints, hearings, reports, legislative histories. Includes full text of Congressional Research Service reports from 1916 - present; full-text of Serial Set documents produced from 1789 to 1969. Index and full-text of Bound Permanent Congressional Record and its predecessors from 1789 - 1997. Full text of Daily Congressional Record 1985 - present. Search Tip: use ALL CAPS for connecting terms; e.g. AND, OR, NEAR/n, etc. See Congressional Search Syntax guide for more.

Why Use It? Get citations to and full-text of United States Congressional documents produced from 1789 to present. Search and retrieve full text of Bound Permanent Congressional Record from 1789 -1997 and full-text of Daily Congressional Record from 1985 - present.

Consumer Product Safety Commission (past two years) What Is It? The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission is charged with protecting the public from unreasonable risks of serious injury or death from more than 15,000 types of consumer products under the agency's jurisdiction.

Why Use It? To get current and historical information about product safety recalls and records

Consumer Sentinel (1997 - present) What Is It? Secure investigative cybertool and complaint database, on a separate restricted-access secure web site, that provides hundreds of law enforcement agencies immediate access to Internet cons, telemarketing scams and other consumer fraud-related complaints. It gives consumers a way to voice their complaints about fraud to law enforcement officials worldwide.

Why Use It? Get the facts on consumer frauds from Internet cons, prize promotions, work-at-home schemes, and telemarketing scams to identity theft. Report your fraud complaints so they can be shared with law enforcement officials across the U.S. and around the world.

Contemporary Authors (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Database providing biographical and bibliographical information for mostly 20th century U.S. and international authors. Note: Contemporary Authors is included in the database Biography Resources Center.

Why Use It? Search for biographical information about an author.

Contemporary Fashion (2nd ed., 2002) Access What Is It? Provides biographical and critical coverage of primarily U.S. designers, milliners, footwear designers, fashion companies and textile houses.

Why Use It? To locate information about fashion and fashion designers from the 20th and 21st century.

Contemporary Literary Criticism Select (1959-Present) Access

Contemporary Women's Issues (1992-Present) Access What Is It? Database of materials about women's issues worldwide. Includes references to journal articles, primary sources in archival collections, pamphlets, unpublished scholarship, and small press publications.

Why Use It? Research women's issues by country or geographical area. Search for articles, pamphlets and newsletters.

Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality (2004 ed.) Access What Is It? Provides authoritative coverage of the full range of topics in the study of human sexual behavior throughout the world. Its topics include gender-conflicted persons, unconventional sexual patterns, contraception, AIDS, sexual dysfunctions, and therapies. Country studies are also presented.

Why Use It? Find encyclopedic articles on human sexuality.

Core Documents of United States Democracy (1700's - present) What Is It? Includes Articles of Confederation, The Bill of Rights, Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1873, The Constitution of the United States of America, The Constitution of the United States of America, Analysis and Interpretation, The Declaration of Independence, Documents from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, 1774-1789, Emancipation Proclamation, The Federalist Papers, The Gettysburg Address

Why Use It? To study the most important documents associated with the founding of the United States.

Council of Europe (1949-current) What Is It? Founded in 1949, the Council of Europe seeks to develop throughout Europe common and democratic principles based on the European Convention on Human Rights and other reference texts on the protection of individuals.

Why Use It? To find centralized information about human rights, democracy and the rule of law; the CoE is the European forum for discussion and promotion of these ideals.

Country Profiles / Area Handbooks (current) What Is It? This series is part of the Country Studies Program, formerly the Army Area Handbook Program. They offer brief information on a country’s historical background, geography, society, economy, transportation and telecommunications, government and politics, and national security.

Why Use It? To get summarized current information about the countries profiled.

CQ Almanac (Online Edition) (1945-present) Access

CQ Weekly (1983 - present) Access What Is It? Weekly journal covers the U.S. Congress: status of bills, votes and amendments, floor and committee activity, political liaisons and lobbyists.

Why Use It? To research Congressional activity - votes, political maneuvering, influence and more.

Current Contents Connect (1998-present) Access

Current Index to Statistics (1971-) Access What Is It? Bibliographic Index to articles about statistics and statistical methodology. This is not a resource for finding statistics themselves.

Why Use It? Find scholarly articles about methods and theories in statistical sciences. Do not use to find actual statistics.

Dance in Video (1950s to present) Access What Is It? Streaming video of dance performances ranging from the ballets of Stravinsky to contemporary American and European troupes. Also includes documentaries by and about leading choreographers and videos on dance training. Features include browse, search, creation of playlists, and the ability to bookmark performances and create custom clips.

Why Use It? View performances by noted choreographers and dancers. Create playlists of dance performances.

Data and Statistics – Government Data by Topic (current) What Is It? This resource includes child and family statistics, crime and justice statistics, economic indicators, education and environment statistics, geographic and geospatial data, and much more. Searchable databases and downloadable datasets are provided for many categories.

Why Use It? To find statistics and data collected and provided by the United States Federal government.

Data Citation Index (1900-present) Access What Is It? Find dataset from repositories from around the world and citation to datasets

Why Use It? Locate cited data.

Data.gov (current) What Is It? Data.gov provides raw data with descriptions of the Federal datasets (metadata), information about how to access, and tools that leverage government datasets.

Why Use It? To find, download, and use a growing repository of machine-readable datasets that are generated and held by the Federal Government.

Declassified Documents Reference System (1941-current) Access What Is It? Declassified White House, CIA, FBI, State Department documents from presidential libraries.

Why Use It? Find primary source government documents obtained through FOIA. Research U.S. foreign and domestic policy.

Derwent Innovations Index (1963 - Present) Access What Is It? Access to patent abstracts (Chemical, Electrical & Electronic, and Engineering) with links to cited and citing patents, cited articles, and full-text patent data sources.

Why Use It? Read the abstract of a patent, see patents that have cited an existing patent, view the drawings associated with a patent, or search other patents in a specific classification.

Design and Applied Arts Index (1973-Present) Access What Is It? DAAI covers both new designers and the development of design and the applied arts since the mid-19th century, surveying disciplines including ceramics, glass, jewellery, wood, metalsmithing, graphic design, fashion and clothing, textiles, furniture, interior design, architecture, computer aided design, Web design, computer-generated graphics, animation, product design, industrial design, garden design, and landscape architecture.

Why Use It? Find articles on issues of design or about the fine arts.

Designinform (1880-present) Access What Is It? Designinform consists of 3 databases: Design Abstracts Retrospective (DAR) – a retrospective journal abstracting and indexing service Design ProFILES (DP) – a biographical dictionary of modern designers, craftspeople, artists and architects ReVIEW - digitized, searchable versions of nineteenth and early twentieth century art journals

Why Use It? Find articles about design or designer, find bibliographic information on designers and architects

Dictionary of American Biography (1st ed, 1936) Access What Is It? Collection of biographical sketches of Americans who died in 1980 or earlier. Available through the Biography in Context database; use the search within results search box to limit searches to Dictionary of American Biography. Print edition available in Sawyer Reference: E176 .D5.

Why Use It? Find a biography of an American figure who died in or before 1980. Group biographies of people by occupation, birthplace, birth year, or sex. Find a biography of someone if you know only their occupation, birthplace, birth year, or sex; search the full-text of the biographies using just a keyword.

Dictionary of American History (3rd ed. 2003) Access What Is It? The Dictionary of American History is a standard reference work in United States history, covering prehistory to 2002. See volume 9 for archival maps and primary sources. Print ed. available in Sawyer Reference: E174 .D52 2003.

Why Use It? Find encyclopedia articles, archival maps, and primary sources about American history.

Digital Image Archive of Medieval Music What Is It? A world-leading resource for the study of medieval manuscripts, which presents information on thousands of manuscripts, as well as nearly 15,000 images and associated metadata. NOTE: Must have a login to view images, best viewed in Chrome or Safari browsers.

Why Use It? To find digital facsimiles of medieval scores or find information about which library or archives holds an original score.

Digital National Security Archive (1945-current) Access What Is It? Citations, abstracts and full-text of declassified U.S. government documents, including bulletins, memos, reports, agreements (primarily acquired through FOIA requests) covering U.S. foreign policy since 1945. Arranged in discrete collections; see Collections Guide, but can be searched across collections.

Why Use It? Use DNSA to find full-text of primary source documents central to topics ranging from post World War II European policy to recent efforts in combating terrorism.

Directory of Corporate Archives in the United States and Canada What Is It? Includes information about companies that maintain their historical records themselves, as well as companies that contract with historical consulting firms to maintain their archives collections for them. The directory has three indexes: alphabetical list of corporations, archivists, and geographical.

Why Use It? To find the description and contact information for a corporate archive.

Directory of Development Organizations (current) What Is It? International organizations; government ministries & institutions; planning agencies; private sector support organizations: chambers of commerce and industry, fair trade organizations; central banks, national development banks, microfinance institutions, finance houses; training and research organizations: civil society organizations; faith-based development organizations, development programmes and projects; development consulting firms: information providers: development newsletters/journals, development publishers, web resources, databases; grantmakers and philanthropic organizations.

Why Use It? To get contact information, including websites, of international development organizations, public and private.

DisabilityInfo.gov

Dissertations and Theses (1861-Present) Access What Is It? World's most comprehensive collection of dissertations and theses this is the official digital dissertations archive for the Library of Congress and the database of record for graduate research. Full text is available for most of the dissertations added since 1997, prior to that full-text is selective. Dissertations published since 1980 includes a 350-word author abstract. Master's theses published since 1988 include 150-word abstracts. Simple bibliographic citations are available for dissertations dating from 1637.

Why Use It? Search awarded dissertations and theses. Read original research. See if someone researched a specific topic.

Document Cloud (Varies) What Is It? An online archive of primary documents used in news reporting. Contains court filings, hearing transcripts, testimony, legislation, reports, memos, meeting minutes, and correspondence obtained by news agencies.

Why Use It? Track down documents reported in the news.

Early American Newspapers Digital (1690-1876) Access What Is It? Searchable database of more than 700 digitized historical American newspapers from 23 states and the District of Columbia, focusing largely on the 18th century.

Why Use It? Search for articles in the American newspapers from the 18th and early 19th century.

Early English Books Online (EEBO) (1473-1700) Access What Is It? Contains digital facsimile page images of virtually every work printed in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales and British North America and works in English printed elsewhere from 1473-1700. Contains titles from Pollard & Redgrave's Short-Title Catalogue (1475-1640), Wing's Short-Title Catalogue (1641-1700), the Thomason Tracts (1640-1661) collection and the Early English Books Tract Supplement.

Why Use It? Read the full text of books published in the English speaking world from 1473-1700. Research the social and cultural life, scientific discoveries, and history of this time period.

Ebook Library (EBL) (2008-Present) Access What Is It? Catalog of over 160,000 e-books from hundreds of major commercial academic publishers and university presses worldwide.

Why Use It? Search for e-book titles in the EBL catalog. Browse e-books by subject. Read e-books online or download to compatible e-reader or mobile device.

ebrary Academic Complete (2004-Present) Access What Is It? Contains over 70,000 full text books from scholarly publishers in academic disciplines.

Why Use It? Search for e-book titles from the ebrary collection. Browse e-books by subject. Read e-books online or download to a compatible e-reader or mobile device.

ECOLEX (1970s - current) What Is It? The ECOLEX database includes information on treaties, international soft-law, national legislation, judicial decisions, and law and policy literature. Ecolex is operated jointly by FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) and UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme).

Why Use It? To find primary documents and secondary literature on international environment issues.

EconLit (1886-Present) Access What Is It? Produced by the American Economic Association, EconLit is their electronic bibliography of economics literature throughout the world. It contains abstracts, indexing, and links to full-text articles in economics journals, books, chapters and articles in books, working papers series, and dissertations.

Why Use It? Locate journal articles and other scholarly work about economics. Research a particular economist or analyses of economic theories. Learn more about particular economic theories or models.

EconPapers What Is It? EconPapers provides access to RePEc, the world's largest collection of on-line Economics working papers, journal articles and software.

Why Use It? Find Working Papers and submitted articles in Economcics

EdStats (Varies) What Is It? Produced by the World Bank data services, EdStats presents and analyzes data on the world's educational systems and provides education profiles for each of the world's countries.

Why Use It? Find worldwide data and analysis on topics in education

Education Index Retrospective (1929-1983) Access What Is It? Contains abstracts for scholarly journal articles in education. Covers educational pedagogy, theory, and practice.

Why Use It? Find articles on topics in the education.

EIS: Digests of Environmental Impact Statements (1985-present) Access What Is It? This resource indexes and provides detailed abstracts of all U.S. federally-issued Environmental Impact Statements. Each entry includes a clear description of the project, sections on positive impact and negative consequences, and legal mandates.

Why Use It? To locate current and past United States federally-issued environmental impact statements

Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (Current) Access What Is It? Williams College faculty, students, and staff enjoy unlimited use of Britannica Online, and may print and save for personal or educational use. Reproduction and distribution of Britannica or its contents off campus is prohibited.

Why Use It? Get basic information on a topic. Begin a research paper and find a topic.

Encyclopaedia Judaica (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Encyclopedia of Jewish history, religion and culture. Encompasses time period 2000 BC to the end of the twentieth century.

Why Use It? Find background information about people, places or events in Jewish history, culture, art, scholarship, literature, and Judaism. View photos, slideshows, videos, sound recordings and maps. View a comparative timeline of Jewish history, Jewish culture and world history since 2000 BC.

Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History: The Black Experience in the Americas (2nd ed., 2006) Access What Is It? Electronic version of a six-volume encyclopedia covering all aspects of the African-American experience from 1619 to the present day in the U.S. and throughout the Western hemisphere. Articles are signed by experts in the field and are accompanied by a selected bibliography. The appendix contains statistical data and a selection of primary source documents.

Why Use It? Find overviews of the African-American experience. Get biographical information about important African-Americans in the U.S., Caribbean, and Latin America.

Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Comprehensive reference work in astronomy and astrophysics containing the full text of over 2,750 articles.

Why Use It? To find background information on topics in astronomy and astrophysics

Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol Addictive Behavior (3rd ed., 2009) Access What Is It? Explores the social, medical, legal and political issues related to drugs and alcohol and associated behaviors. Includes emerging topics and developments in the many fields of addiction studies.

Why Use It? Find encyclopedic articles about drug addiction.

Encyclopedia of Earth (Varies) What Is It? Electronic resource for expert-reviewed information about the earth.

Why Use It? Find background and introductory information on science topics.

Encyclopedia of Evolution (2002) Access What Is It? A comprehensive guide to the essentials of evolutionary biology, these entries by leading experts survey essential concepts and theories, present methods, models and findings, and discuss both the history of the field and current controversies. Readers will find brief treatments on discrete concepts and individuals to illuminating lengthy essays by towering figures in the field. Topics include: Darwin, natural selection, human origins, behavioral ecology, diversity, mathematical models, and cell and developmental biology. Special essays include Stephen Jay Gould's “Macroevolution” and Jane Goodall and Elizabeth Vinson-Lonsdorf on “Culture in Chimpanzees.”

Why Use It? To find overview articles on topics in evolution.

Encyclopedia of Human Rights (2009 ed.) Access What Is It? Provides encyclopedic articles on human rights theory, practice, law, and history in over 300 entries signed by leading scholars and human rights experts. The coverage includes major figures, organizations and institutions, human rights events and crises, and human rights norms.

Why Use It? Find encylcopedic articles on human rights

Encyclopedia of India (2006 edition) Access What Is It? A comprehensive reference work that encompasses the history, cultures, geography and religions of India from ancient times to the present day. Includes over 600 illustrated articles.

Why Use It? To gather background information on all aspects of India.

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4th ed., 2006) Access What Is It? Comprehensive database of popular music of all genres and periods including jazz, country, folk, rap, reggae, techno, musicals, world music, and more

Why Use It? Find authoritative and reliable information about popular music including biographies (individual performers and groups), discussions of genres, trends, styles, record labels, venues, and festivals. Many entries include discographies, bibliographies, and links to related articles.

Encyclopedia of Religion (2nd edition, 2005) Access What Is It? Contains articles on important ideas, beliefs, rituals, myths, symbols, religious movements, and persons that have played a role in the universal history of religions from Paleolithic times to the present. International in scope. Print version of this edition available in Sawyer Reference, BL31 .E46 2005.

Why Use It? Find overviews of religious topics. Compare ideas, beliefs, and rituals across religions and cultures.

Encyclopedia of Religion & Nature (2006 ed.) Access What Is It? Focuses on the intersection of nature and religion. Topics include ecology, theology, philosophy.

Why Use It? Find encyclopedic articles on nature and religion.

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment (2002) Access What Is It? Covers from the rise of Descartes' disciples in 1670 to the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in 1815. Includes not only Western Europe but also North America and Brazil, and Iberian, Russian, Jewish, and Eastern European cultures.

Why Use It? Research 17th century through early 19th century culture, philosophies and religions.

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages Access What Is It? Provides articles on all aspects of the period from the 5th to the 15th century. It explores art, architecture, religion, law, science, language, philosophy, and theology, as well as cultural, religious, intellectual, social and political history.

Why Use It? Find overview articles about religion, politics, and cultures in the Middle Ages.

Encyclopedia of United States Political History (2010) Access What Is It? Identifies and discusses patterns and interrelations in American political institutions, culture, and behavior.

Why Use It? To get background information and analysis of the political, social, and cultural interrelationships that inform United States political history.

Encyclopædia Iranica (pre-history - present) What Is It? The Encyclopædia Iranica, an international collaborative project based at the Center for Iranian Studies at Columbia University, is dedicated to the study of Iranian civilization in the Middle East, the Caucasus, Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. It covers all aspects of Iranian history and culture, languages and literatures. Does not include biographies of living persons. Articles are signed and include bibliographies.

Why Use It? To explore all aspects of Iran and Iranian culture, from prehistoric times to the present, and to identify prominent scholars in the area.

Environment Abstracts (1975-Present) Access What Is It? Indexes more than 950 journals and other scientific and scholarly material published in the U.S. and abroad, encompassing all aspects of the impact of people and technology on the environment. As of 1994, the database also provides expanded coverage of energy-related issues.

Why Use It? Find U.S. and international scholarly and scientific material relating to all aspects of the environment, including specific projects, processes and problems.

Environmental Protection Agency - New England (recent / current) What Is It? The EPA home for Region 1, which includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, & Ten Tribal Nations

Why Use It? To find current information about programs and issues affecting region 1. To access data for the region.

ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) (1966 - Present) Access What Is It? Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education, ERIC indexes education-related journal articles and ERIC documents, a collection of documents from a variety sources including scholarly and professional organizations, research and policy centers, government agencies, and teachers.

Why Use It? Use ERIC to find documents and journal articles related to educational theory or practice. Research teaching methods, cognitive behavior and comparative educational models.

Essay and General Literature Index (1985-Present) Access What Is It? Index to essays and articles contained in collections of essays and miscellaneous works published in the United States, Great Britain, and Canada. Covers humanities and social sciences.

Why Use It? Identify essays, articles, and chapters found within books. Find biographical and critical essays about famous people, authors, politicians, literary works, films, etc.

Ethnic NewsWatch (1970-Present) Access What Is It? Full-text of articles from newspapers, magazines and journals of the ethnic minorities and native press in the United States.

Why Use It? Research topics relating to ethnic minorities and native groups in the U.S. Find articles written from a particular ethnic perspective. Gain a regional perspective on a topic. Find biographical profiles.

Ethnologue What Is It? Encyclopedic reference work cataloging all of the world’s 6,912 known living languages

Why Use It? To find information on languages including number of speakers, areas of the world in which it is spoken, dialects and linguistic classification. Includes maps.

Europa World (Current) Access What Is It? Online version of the current edition of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Europa Regional Surveys of the World series. Back issues of the Regional Surveys are available in print -- check FRANCIS for location information.

Why Use It? Find political and economic information for more than 250 countries and territories.

European Views of the Americas (1493-1750) Access What Is It? A comprehensive guide to printed records about the Americas written in Europe before 1750 from "European Americana: A Chronological Guide to Works Printed In Europe Relating to the Americas, 1493-1750."

Why Use It? To view the history of "New World" exploration as well as portrayals of native American peoples from a historical European perspective.

Europeana What Is It? Searchable database of images, texts, sounds, and videos digitized by a range of Europe's leading galleries, libraries, archives and museums.

Why Use It? Find primary sources for European history. Research European history and culture.

EUscreen (1900-present) What Is It? Offers free online access to videos, stills, texts and audio from European broadcasters and audiovisual archives.

Why Use It? Find contemporary coverage of historical events and politics in Europe. Research everyday life in Europe.

Evans Digital Edition (1639-1800) Access What Is It? Electronic editions of books, pamphlets and broadsides from the 17th and 18th century detailing life in America at that time.

Why Use It? Research life in 17th and 18th century America including agriculture, foreign affairs, literature, music, religion, the Revolutionary War, temperance, witchcraft, and more.

Expanded Academic Index (1980-Present) Access What Is It? Multi-disciplinary index to scholarly academic and general interest periodicals.

Why Use It? Search for articles on a wide variety of subjects. Get a sense of how much has been written on your topic. Gather background information. Good place to start most research projects.

FAOSTAT (Coverage Varies) What Is It? FAOSTAT is an on-line and multilingual database currently containing over 3 million time-series records covering international statistics in the following areas: production, trade, food balance sheets, producer prices, forestry trade flow, land use and irrigation, forest and fishery products, fertilizers and pesticides, agricultural machinery, food aid shipments, and food exports.

Why Use It? Find data on crops, nutrition, forestry, fisheries worldwide.

FBIS (Foreign Broadcast Information Service) (1941-1996) Access What Is It? Contains full-text English translations of foreign broadcasts, newspapers, periodicals and government statements. Use World News Connection to get similar news from 1996-current.

Why Use It? Use FBIS to find first-hand, local perspectives of events in non-U.S. countries as they occurred. Database primarily covers topics significant to U.S. trade, legal and security issues.

FDsys (Federal Digital System) (varies) What Is It? Provides free online access to official Federal Government publications from the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches. FDsys publishes documents issued by the Government Printing Office.

Why Use It? To access official Federal documents including Supreme Court Reports, recent Congressional publications, economic reports and other papers from the Office of the President and the Executive branch.

Federal Communications Commission Record (1986 - present) What Is It? The FCC Record is a comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports and public notices and other documents of the Federal Communications Commission from 1986 to the present. It was preceded by the FCC Report (1934 - 1986), which may be the focus of a future digitization project.

Why Use It? To find decisions, reports and public notices and other documents of the Federal Communications Commission from 1986 to the present.

Federal Register Library (1936 - present) Access What Is It? Contains the Federal Register from its inception in 1936, the Code of Federal Regulations, the Administrative Procedure Act, Code of Emergency Federal Regulations, the U.S. Government Manual and the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents. The Federal Register is where the details of the rules and regulations that enforce federal law are first published. See the User Guide.

Why Use It? Use the Federal Register Library to find details of the United States federal government agencies' proposed rules, changes to existing rules, and final rules, and legal notices of Federal agencies and organizations, as well as executive orders and other presidential documents. The historic Federal Register can provide important details of policy evolutions on issues such as the environment, social issues, trade topics, etc.

Federal Reserve Board - Statistics (Coverage Varies) What Is It? Data released by the Federal Reserve Board on issues such as money, banking, liquidity, minority owned banks, etc.

Why Use It? Find current and historical data on interest rates and money released by the Federal Reserve Board.

Federal Reserve Board of St Louis (Varies) What Is It? FRB of St Louis provides extensive access to US economic time series data.

Why Use It? Find time series date for major US economic indicators

Federal Resources organized by Agency What Is It? Links to websites of all United States Federal agencies; arranged in hierarchical and alphabetical order.

Why Use It? Find United States Federal agency information.

Federal Resources Organized by Topic (current) What Is It? Federal Information organized by topic: Business & Labor; Education; Environment; Food & Drugs; Grants & Awards; Health; Military & Security; Money & Economy; Science & Technology; Social Programs; Transportation

Why Use It? Find United States Federal Government information by broad topic; useful if one is not sure which agencies are responsible for which areas.

FEDSTATS (Coverage Varies) What Is It? Provides access to statistical sites for more than 70 federal agencies. Excellent jumping off point for federal and state data.

Why Use It? Find statistics pages on federal agency sites. Locate general and detailed statistics published by the federal government.

FIAF Document Collection Access What Is It? Searchable index to film archives and their collections found in museums, institutes, and colleges and universities.

Why Use It? Find the location of archival materials related to specific films and members of the motion pictures industry.

FIAF Index to Film Periodicals Plus (1972-Present) Access What Is It? Indexes and provides full text for the world's leading academic and popular film publications. FIAF (International Federal of Film Archives) in Paris produces the bibliography.

Why Use It? Find film criticism and reviews. Research a film or director. Browse the full-text of film journals and magazines.

FIAF Treasures from the Film Archives (1890-1956) Access What Is It? The FIAF (International Federation of Film Archives ) provides credits and holdings information for silent pictures, most produced before 1929, but including films up to 1956.

Why Use It? Find credits for silent pictures produced before 1956. Locate archival holdings of silent films.

Film Index International (1900-Present) Access What Is It? A filmography of over 125,000 feature and documentary films and biographical information for more than 800,000 personalities. Coverage is international, and includes plot summaries, full cast and crew lists, film awards, and lists of relevant articles.

Why Use It? Find authoritative information on a film. Research a director, actor, or others in the motion picture industry.

Finding U. S. Congressional Publications (1789-current) Access What Is It? Identify what publications Congress has produced from 1789 forward, and how to access those publications using research tools available at Williams.

Why Use It? How to find Congressional materials at Williams.

FRANCIS What Is It? Catalog of the Williams College Libraries.

Why Use It? Find books and journals that Williams owns, as well as links to our online resources.

Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine (2nd ed., 2005) Access What Is It? Presents current information on alternative and complementary medical practices.

Why Use It? Find encyclopedic information about alternative medicine and its practice.

Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America (2nd ed., 2000) Access What Is It? Contains 152 original essays on specific minority and ethnic groups in the U.S., with an emphasis on culture in addition to information on historical background and settlement patterns.

Why Use It? Research US minority and ethnic groups.

Gale Virtual Reference Library (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? A collection of reference sources from multiple publishers providing authoritative essays on varied topics from numerous subject areas. Searches can be run in individual books or across the entire collection.

Why Use It? To gather background information at the start of a research project.

GenderWatch (1970-Present) Access What Is It? Database of publications focusing on gender issues; Includes citations to articles in scholarly journals, magazines, newspapers, newsletters, and regional publications. In addition, GenderWatch includes citations to books, booklets and pamphlets, conference proceedings, and government, NGO, and special reports.

Why Use It? Research gender issues worldwide. Study the evolution of the women's movement and the changes in gender roles over the last twenty years.

General BusinessFile ASAP (1980-Present) Access What Is It? Index to general business and finance magazines, trade journals, and local business journals. Includes Company Profiles, a directory of public and private companies. Also includes investment reports from Investext.

Why Use It? Research a particular company or industry. Find investment information. Study market trends.

General Reference Center (1980-Present) Access What Is It? A multidisciplinary index to general interest magazines, reference books, and newspaper articles covering a wide range of topics.

Why Use It? Find articles in popular or scholarly journals. Gather background information before starting a research project. Explore subjects and their subdivisions to help you pick or refine your topic.

General Science Abstracts (1984-Present ) Access What Is It? Abstracts for articles in the areas of Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry, Geosciences, Health, Mathematics, Medicine, Nutrition and Physics.

Why Use It? Search popular science magazines and professional science journals. Search multidisciplinary scientific topics.

GeoRef (1785-Present) Access What Is It? Database that includes Bibliography of North American Geology, Bibliography and Index of Geology Exclusive of North America, Geophysical Abstracts, and the Bibliography and Index of Geology.

Why Use It? Research literature in the field of geosciences.

Global Development Finance (Coverage Varies) What Is It? Global Development Finance (GDF) includes analysis and commentary on recent developments in international finance for developing countries, with particular focus on the East Asian financial crisis. Summary statistical tables are included for selected regional and analytical groups comprising 150 developing countries. Country Tables contain statistical tables on the external debt of the 138 countries that report public and publicly guaranteed debt under the Debtor Reporting System (DRS).

Why Use It? Find analysis, commentary and statistics on recent developments in international finance for developing countries.

Global Legal Information Network (current) What Is It? From the Law Library of Congress: the Global Legal Information Network (GLIN) is a public database of official texts of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.

Why Use It? To find the full-text of laws and other legal materials from these countries: http://www.glin.gov/publicFullTextJurisdictions.action

Global Legal Monitor (2003 - present) What Is It? Online publication from the Law Library of Congress covering legal news and developments worldwide. It draws on information from official national legal publications and reliable press sources.

Why Use It? To get information about current international legal issues from jurisdictions all over the world. Get ideas for research paper topics in Political Science - International Relations or Justice and Law Studies.

Global Peace Index (current) What Is It? Ranks 120 nations according to their relative peacefulness. The Global Peace Index is composed of 24 indicators, ranging from a nation’s level of military expenditure to its relations with neighbouring countries and the level of respect for human rights.

Why Use It? To compare or rank countries according to peacefulness criteria.

Google Book Search (Coverage Varies) What Is It? Google's tool for searching the full text of printed books that have been provided by publishers or scanned from major research libraries (Oxford University, Harvard University, Stanford University, University of Michigan, New York Public Library, and others). Out of copyright books may be viewed in their entirety, others may allow only a snippet to be displayed. For ones only available in snippet view, use the Find this book in a library link or search in FRANCIS to see whether we own the book.

Why Use It? Find books containing obscure terms or phrases that may not appear in a library catalog. Search the full text of a book to find quotations or references. For books where the full text is not available, use the reference to find the book in a library.

Google Scholar (Coverage Varies) What Is It? Multi-disciplinary index to peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, abstracts, and other scholarly literature. Includes the full-text of publications freely available on the web and citations for materials published by commercial publishers. Includes links to the library's electronic journal collections and FRANCIS. Stronger coverage in the sciences. Results are ranked by Google's determination of relevance.

Why Use It? Get an overview of a topic. Use Google's simple interface and natural language searching to access content in our subscription databases. Find recent or unpublished work that hasn't been indexed in other databases.

Government of Canada Publications (1985-present) What Is It? The Government of Canada Publications website provides access to free and priced publications authored by Government of Canada departments.

Why Use It? Find Canadian Government publications from 1985 - present. Find statistics, reports, policy documents, etc.

Grants.gov (current) What Is It? Grants.gov was established as a United States government resource named the E-Grants Initiative. Grants.gov is a central storehouse for information on over 1,000 grant programs and provides access to approximately $400 billion in annual awards.

Why Use It? To find information on and apply for almost any grant made possible through the United States federal government

GreenFILE (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Provides scholarly, government and general-interest information covering all aspects of human impact on the environment. It includes content on the environmental effects of individuals, corporations and local/national governments, and what can be done on each level to minimize negative impact.

Why Use It? Find scholarly articles, government publications, and general interest information about environmental issues.

Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians Access What Is It? Online version of The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, and The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz. Includes scholarship in all areas of music. Covers Western as well as non-Western and folk music. Print editions available in Sawyer Reference, ML100 .N48 2001, ML102.O6 N5 1992, and ML102.J3 N48 2002 respectively.

Why Use It? Find scholarly articles relating to music and musicians. Find information on composers, performers, theorists, terminology, institutions, orchestras and societies.

Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture (2007) Access What Is It? Provides art historical and cultural information about art forms, artists, rulers, philosophers, architecture, renowned works of art, archaeological sites and stylistic developments.

Why Use It? Find background information on Art and Architecture from the Classical world.

Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture (2009) Access What Is It? Provides in-depth art historical and cultural information on Islamic art and architecture. Spans over a thousand years of history and covers the Middle East, Central and South Asia, Africa, and Europe. Includes illustrations.

Why Use It? Explore Islamic culture through its art. Find background information on art forms, artists, architecture and archaeology.

Guide to the Law Online: United States States and Territories (current) What Is It? Links to every State and Territory of the United States; clicking on a State name gives access to State Constitutions, as well as to current state codes and legislative materials.

Why Use It? To get current State Constitutions and other laws and statutes of states and territories of the United States

Handbook of Latin American Studies (1936-Present) What Is It? Bibliography on Latin America edited by the Hispanic Division of the Library of Congress.

Why Use It? Search for scholarly articles and books about Latin America.

Harper's Weekly (1857-1912) Access What Is It? Definitive newspaper of record for the latter part of the 19th century and early 20th. Had broad national distribution with circulation peaking at 300,000 and an effective readership of at least half a million people. Includes illustrations.

Why Use It? Research U.S. political, social, and cultural happenings for the 1857-1912 period. Includes illustrations.

Hartford Courant Historical (1764-1986) Access

HathiTrust Digital Library What Is It? Digitized collection of books and journals from U.S. research libraries. Provides full access to out of copyright materials. Includes materials partner libraries have digitized locally and through Google Books, Internet Archive, and other digitization partnerships.

Why Use It? Find digitized copies of older books and journals.

Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO) (current) What Is It? HERO contains citations to the key studies EPA uses to develop environmental risk assessments for the public. EPA uses risk assessments to characterize the nature and magnitude of health risks to humans and the ecosystem from pollutants and chemicals in the environment. Full-text of the articles and other material indexed in the database may need to be requested through Interlibrary Loan.

Why Use It? To find relevant scholarly material, including journal articles, government reports, clinical studies, and statistics related to health or environment.

Health Insurance Data - US Bureau of Census What Is It? The Census Bureau collects health insurance data using three national surveys: the Current Population Survey's Annual Social and Economic Supplement (CPS ASEC), the American Community Survey (ACS) and the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). The CPS ASEC collects health insurance data on an annual basis at the national and state level geographies. The ACS collects data on an annual basis for the nation, all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, every congressional district and all counties, places and metropolitan areas with populations of 65,000 or more. The SIPP collects longitudinal health insurance data at the national level of geography.

Why Use It? Find Health Insurance data for the United State

Health Reference Center (1995-Present) Access What Is It? Electronic collection of general interest health and fitness magazines, medical and professional periodicals, reference books and pamphlets.

Why Use It? Search for consumer health information.

HeinOnline (Varies) Access

Historic American Buildings Survey (varies) What Is It? The Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) and the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) collections are part of the Prints and Photographs Division of the Library of Congress. Since 2000, documentation from the Historic American Landscapes Survey (HALS) has been added to the holdings. The collections document achievements in architecture, engineering, and landscape design in the United States and its territories through a comprehensive range of building types, engineering technologies, and landscapes.

Why Use It? To find and view architectural designs, photographs and related documentation of the historic built environment in the United States.

Historical Abstracts (1955-Present) Access What Is It? An index to books, scholarly articles, and dissertations in world history (excluding the United States and Canada) from 1450 to the present. Covers approximately 2,300 journals.

Why Use It? Research world history (excluding the United States and Canada) from 1450 to the present. Does not include book reviews.

Historical Publications of the United States Commission on Civil Rights (1961 - present) What Is It? A complete electronic record of United States Commission on Civil Rights publications held in the Thurgood Marshall Law Library's collection and available on the USCCR Web site.

Why Use It? Find government documents and reports on issues related to race, ethnicity, religion and, more recently, sexual orientation.

Historical Statistics of the United States: Millennial Edition (1790-2000) Access What Is It? Find statistics about almost any aspect of U.S. economics, population or infrastructure since the government began recording statistics. Compare statistics from colonial times to similar data in the nineteenth or twentieth centuries. Study the evolution of statistics collection in the U.S.

Why Use It? Find general (historical to 2000) U.S. Statistics on labor, population, education, etc.

Hoover's Company Profiles (Current) Access What Is It? Contains proprietary information about public and non-public companies, including company overview, company history, officers and board members, competitors, related industry information, and historical financials.

Why Use It? Find authoritative information on companies. Research a company's competitors.

Human Development Reports (Coverage Varies) What Is It? Statistical data tracking the level of development in nations throughout the world. Data ranges from economic (GDP) to social (child labor). Countries are ranked according to their level of development in each of over 100 indicators.

Why Use It? Find basic statistics and rankings on development indicators.

Humanities Abstracts (1980-Present) Access What Is It? Abstracts for scholarly journal articles in the humanities. Covers archaeology, art, architecture, literature, history, music, philosophy and religion.

Why Use It? Find articles on topics in the humanities, including archaeology, classical studies, folklore, history, journalism, literature, music, performing arts, philosophy and religion. Find literary and political criticism. Find book reviews.

ICON: International Coalition on Newspapers Database What Is It? Administered by the Center for Research Libraries, ICON provides a freely accessible database of bibliographic information for more than 25,000 international newspaper titles held in participating institutions. The database may be searched by country, name of publication, date, language, holding institution and by OCLC number.

Why Use It? To find titles, dates of publication, and locations of archived newspapers from around the world. In most cases, microfilm reels of identified titles may be requested through InterLibrary Loan.

ICPSR (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Database is maintained by the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR), established in 1962. Provides access to archived social science data for research and instruction.

Why Use It? Obtain data from research in the social sciences, including census, elections, demographic, public opinion, and related areas.

IEEE Computer Society Digital Library (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Online access to 25 society magazines and transactions and more than 1,700 selected conference proceedings published by the IEEE Computer Society.

Why Use It? Find journal and magazine articles for computer science and related technologies, as well as, transactions and proceedings from IEEE conferences.

Illustrated London News (1842-2003) Access

ILOLEX Database of International Labour Standards (1919 - current) What Is It? ILOLEX is a trilingual database containing ILO Conventions and Recommendations, ratification information, comments of the Committee of Experts and the Committee on Freedom of Association, representations, complaints, interpretations, General Surveys, and numerous related documents.

Why Use It? Get full-text of ILO conventions, recommendations and other information.

In the First Person (1500s - present) What Is It? Index to more than 3,350 collections of personal narratives (oral histories, letters, and diaries) in English from around the world. In some cases, the texts and/or audio files are linked and freely available. Most of the older materials are by subscription only.

Why Use It? To find oral histories and oral history collections, interviews and personal narratives in repositories around the world.

Index Islamicus (1906-Present) Access What Is It? Indexes literature on Islam, the Middle East and the Muslim world, including Muslim areas of Asia and Africa, and Muslim minorities elsewhere.

Why Use It? Find journal articles and book chapters on the Middle East and the Muslim World. Find book reviews.

Index of Christian Art Access What Is It? The Index records works of art produced without geographical limitations from early apostolic times up to A.D. 1400 (extended in the case of the Morgan and Princeton Library projects to include this manuscript holdings up to the end of the sixteenth century). As is to be expected, there is a particular emphasis and focus on art of the western world. Seventeen different media are represented in the archive, and these include manuscripts, metalwork, sculpture, painting, glass, and so forth. more info

Why Use It? Search over 20,000 works of art to find their provenance and where they are kept.

Index to 19th-Century American Art Periodicals (1800-1899) Access What Is It? Online index of 42 art journals published in the U.S. during the 19th century, containing articles, art notes, stories, poems and advertisements.

Why Use It? To research artists and illustrators, painting, sculpture, drawing, photography, architecture and design, exhibitions and sales, decoration, and collecting written about in 19th century American art journals.

Index Translationum (1979-Present) What Is It? International bibliography of translations. Created in 1932, it contains information on books translated and published in the UNESCO Member States since 1979. Updated every four months. Includes a list of Translators Through History.

Why Use It? To find out if a book has been translated and get the bibliographic citation in target language.

IndiaStat.com (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Statistics from Indian Government agencies relating to all aspects of Indian life: population, health, economy, education, etc. Also includes general data about India, such as a list of newspapers by province.

Why Use It? Find statistics about India.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (1998-Present) What Is It? The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has been established by WMO and UNEP to assess scientific, technical and socioeconomic information relevant for the understanding of climate change, its potential impacts and options for adaptation and mitigation.

Why Use It? Contains full-text reports about climate change research and recommendations. Three reports are anticipated in 2007.

International Bibliography of Art (2008 to the present.) Access What Is It? International Bibliography of Art, successor to Bibliography of the History of Art (BHA), provides authoritative coverage of international art historical scholarship including European art from late antiquity to the present, American art from the colonial era to the present, and global art since 1945. Indexes 500+ core journals; includes detailed coverage of monographs, essay collections, conference proceedings and exhibition catalogues.

Why Use It? Find scholarly articles on Art, artists, paintings, sculptures.

International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (1951-Present) Access What Is It? Includes over two million bibliographic references to journal articles, books, reviews and selected chapters. Unique in its broad coverage of international material and incorporates over 100 languages and countries.

Why Use It? Find research articles in the Social Science

International Court of Justice Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders (1946-current) What Is It? Summaries of Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders of the International Court of Justice.

Why Use It? To get a perspective on International Relations through the cases that are tried in the International Court of Justice

International Encyclopedia of Dance (1998) Access What Is It? Covers the full spectrum of dance—theatrical, ritual, dance-drama, folk, traditional, ethnic, and social dance. Cultural and national overviews are accompanied by entries on dance forms, music and costumes, performances, and biographies of dancers and choreographers.

Why Use It? Find encyclopedia articles on dance and choreography.

International Financial Statistics (1948-Present) Access What Is It? International Financial Statistics Database.

Why Use It? Find financial statistics, e.g., GDP, M2, employment, national reserves, etc, for over 200 countries. Data Provided by the International Monetary Fund.

International Index to Black Periodicals (1902-Present) Access What Is It? Citations and abstracts from scholarly journals and newsletters from the United States, Africa and the Caribbean, and full-text coverage of core Black Studies periodicals. Coverage is international and multidisciplinary in scope.

Why Use It? Find articles on the African American experience in the United States as seen through periodicals that focus on the Black community.

International Index to Music Periodicals (Full Text) (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Bibliographic index to music periodicals. Indexes over 373 current international music periodicals. Includes retrospective coverage from over 185 titles back to 1874.

Why Use It? Research nearly all aspects of the world of music. Find performance reviews. Locate interviews of musicians.

International Index to the Performing Arts (Full Text) (1998-Present; some coverage 1864-1998) Access What Is It? Contains reviews, conference papers, essays and biographies covering dance, film, television, theater, and other topics relating to the performing arts including circus arts, mime, magic and storytelling.

Why Use It? Find information about the performing arts (primarily dance, film, television and theater). Locate biographical profiles, obituaries and interviews of performers.

International Labour Organization (ILO) (1983-current) What Is It? Main ILO database on labour statistics covering household incomes and expendture statistics,economically active population (data since 1945), employment, unemployment, employment by sex for detailed occupational groups (1970-2000), public sector employment, statistical sources and methods, hours of work, wages, labour cost, consumer prices, occupational injuries and strikes and lockouts (data since 1969). It is the main ILO statistical database and has statistics published in the Yearbook of Labour Statistics, the October Inquiry and the Bulletin of Labour Statistics. It also includesestimates and projections of the economically active population.

Why Use It? View and download international labour statistics.

International Medieval Bibliography (1967-Present) Access What Is It? Covers all aspects of Medieval Studies within the date range 300-1500. The geographical range is the entire continent of Europe, as well as the Middle East and North Africa. Does not include book reviews. Use citation linker or FRANCIS to find the full text of materials indexed.

Why Use It? Find scholarly articles about the Middle Ages (400-1500 AD) in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. Search for the research of a particular medieval scholar.

International Music Score Library Project (BCE - 1922) What Is It? A large library of public domain sheet music, organized in a wiki format. Searchable or browseable by composer, time period, nationality, instrumentation or genre, and available for download or print in .pdf format.

Why Use It? To find free, printable music scores in a variety of genres (from medieval to modern), from a variety of composers (Abbatini to Ziegfeld) and for a variety of instrumentations (accordion to zither).

International Political Science Abstracts (1951-Present) Access What Is It? Produced by the International Political Science Association, IPSA includes current indexing and abstracts of nearly 900 of the world's leading journals in political science.

Why Use It? Find journal articles on foreign policies, international politics, political theory, and government institutions.

Internet Archive

ITC - International Trade Statistics (Coverage Varies) What Is It? Import and export statistics by country and product from the World Trade Organization and the United Nations Commission on Trade and Development.

Why Use It? Find direction of trade stastitics

Iter: Gateway to the Middle Ages and the Renaissance (1784-Present) Access What Is It? Index to secondary materials about the Middle Ages and Renaissance (400-1700). Includes citations to journal articles, books, book reviews, essays in books, encyclopedias, and dissertations. Use citation linker or FRANCIS to find the full text of materials indexed.

Why Use It? Research topics in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Find a discography of medieval music.

Jerusalem Post Historical (1932-2008) Access

Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory and Criticism (Current) Access What Is It? Encyclopedia providing an overview of twentieth-century Western literary theory.

Why Use It? Learn about a literary critic or theorist. Research literary ideas, history or theories.

JOLIS (Coverage Varies) What Is It? JOLIS is the joint library catalog of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. It contains journal articles, book chapters, books, working papers, and reports relevant to development economics issues.

Why Use It? Find research on development economics and sustainable development issues.

JPRS (Joint Publications Research Service) Reports (1957-1994) Access What Is It? English-language archive of translations of foreign scientific, technical, and social science materials. Includes monographs, reports, serials, journal articles, newspaper articles, and radio and television broadcasts from around the world, with an emphasis on communist and developing countries.

Why Use It? Find scientific and technical reports produced during the Cold War.

JSTOR (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Digitized archive of leading academic journals in the humanities, social sciences, and sciences and select monographs valuable for academic work. All 1500 journals include a full back-run (back to volume 1, issue 1) but only about 100 journals include current content. Williams JSTOR subscription does not include any books and only includes one primary source collection (19th Century British Pamphlets).

Why Use It? Search a comprehensive archive of multi-disciplinary scholarly journals.

Kennedy School Library Centers for Research & Policy Development What Is It? Guide and search engine for thinktanks.

Why Use It? Use to search for think tanks and public policy research organizations.

Latino/a Bibliography of Theology and Religious Studies (1800s - current) What Is It? An ongoing project and service of the Academy of Catholic Hispanic Theologians of the U.S. (ACHTUS); it contains frequently updated bibliographical information on and by U.S. Latino/a Catholics and Episcopalians. In English and Spanish.

Why Use It? To find citations for scholarly articles and other material by or about US Hispanic Catholics and Episcopalians.

LexisNexis Academic (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Portal contains combined search of multiple information sources and quick search boxes for news, legal cases, and company info. Use "Search by Content Type" drop-down to access more specific search forms for news, U.S. legal, international legal, companies, and people.

Why Use It? Search for recent news articles. Research U.S. and international law. Find company news, information and filings. Gather information on countries and people.

LexisNexis Academic - All News (Coverage varies) Access What Is It? Provides access to full-text articles from U.S. national and regional news sources, English language newspapers and newswires from around the world.

Why Use It? Search for recent articles in the national and regional U.S. newspapers and magazines and in the English language foreign press.

LexisNexis Academic - Federal and State Cases (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Provides the full-text of court opinions from state and federal courts. Complete transcripts of court testimony are not available in this database. Works best with Firefox.

Why Use It? Use to find the majority and dissenting opinions of court cases. Search for cases heard by a particular judge. Find cases argued by a particular lawyer. Find court cases by keyword, parties involved, or citation.

LexisNexis Academic - Federal Statutes and Regulations (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Provides searchable, full-text access to Annotated U.S. Code, Constitution of the United States, Public Laws, Code of Federal Regulations, and Federal Register

Why Use It? Find the original text of federal laws passed (1988-present) or regulations (1980-present). Find text of federal laws and regulations currently in force.

LexisNexis Academic - Law Reviews and Journals (1980-present) Access What Is It? Provides of full-text of US law reviews, journals, and news. Covers all areas of the law, including constitutional, criminal, environmental, immigration, and labor law.

Why Use It? To identify and access full-text of law review articles and legal news. To find scholarly analyses of legal issues and court cases.

LexisNexis Academic - Legal Reference (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Contains full-text of legal encyclopedias, dictionaries, and directories.

Why Use It? Find overviews of legal topics. Find definitions of legal terms. Search Martindale-Hubbell® directories for legal professionals around the world or law schools in the United States.

LexisNexis Academic - State Statutes and Regulations (current) Access What Is It? Search form for current United States State Codes and Regulations.

Why Use It? To get full-text of current United States State Codes and Regulations

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution

Library of Congress Classification Outline (Current) What Is It? The Subject Classification (Call Number) Scheme used to organize books in most academic libraries

Why Use It? To understand the arrangement of books in the library using the Library of Congress Subject Classification Scheme.

Library of Congress National Jukebox (1901-1924) What Is It? A free online music repository that features streaming versions of recordings from Victor Talking Machine Co. that were made between 1901 and 1925, a period predating the use of microphones in recording. More recordings housed by Sony Music Entertainment, from Columbia Records and OKeh, will be added to the jukebox.

Why Use It? To find historical acoustical recordings, including opera, popular music, religious music and spoken word. The ethnic characterizations section features recordings that represent attitudes, perspectives, and beliefs associated with ethnic and regional groups at the time the selections were written and performed.

Library, Information Science and Technology Abstract (LISTA) (1965-) Access What Is It? Library, Information Science & Technology Abstract (LISTA) indexes more than 600 periodicals, plus books, research reports and proceedings. Subject coverage includes librarianship, classification, cataloging, bibliometrics, online information retrieval, information management and more. Coverage in the database extends back as far as the mid-1960s.

Why Use It? Identify journal articles and book chapters focused on librarianship and information retrieval

Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts (1973-present) Access What Is It? Index to journal articles, books, etc, from all areas of linguistics, including linguistic anthropology, philology, sociolinguistics, and developmental linguistics

Why Use It? Find articles, book reviews, books, book chapters, and dissertations in linguistics.

Literary Research Guide (6th edition) Access

Literature Criticism Online (1400-Present) Access What Is It? Scholarly and popular commentary from broadsheets, pamphlets, encyclopedias, books and periodicals. Organized by time the criticism was published (1400-1800, 19th century, 20th century, Contemporary) or subject (Short Story, Shakespeare, Drama).

Why Use It? Find literary criticism about a novel, poem, play or short story. Find an overview of an author's career. Get an author's bibliography.

Living Room Candidate: Presidential Campaign Commercials 1952-2012 (1952 - present) What Is It? Presents more than 300 television commercials from every election year since 1952, when the first campaign TV ads aired. Includes a searchable database and features commentary, historical background, election results, and navigation organized by year, type of ad, and issue.

Why Use It? To find, view and hear presidential campaign commercials from every Presidential election since 1952.

London Times (See Times (London) Digital) Access

Los Angeles Times (1985-Present) Access

Los Angeles Times Historical (1882-1988) Access

Making of America -- Cornell (1850-1877) What Is It? Digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through reconstruction. Cornell's project has focused on the major journal literature of the period, ranging from general interest publications to those with more targeted audiences (such as agriculture).

Why Use It? Research life during the antebellum period through reconstruction.

Making of America -- Michigan (1850-1877) What Is It? Making of America is a digital library of primary sources in American social history primarily from the antebellum period through reconstruction. Michigan's project has focused on monographs in the subject areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, science and technology, and religion.

Why Use It? Research 19th-century views on religion, education, science, travel, literature, psychology, history, and political and cultural events and movements of the time.

Marshall Index (1940-1946) Access What Is It? First index to black serials ever compiled it covers 42 of the leading African-American periodicals between 1940 and 1946. Accessible through in the Black Studies Center.

Why Use It? To find articles on the African American experience in the United States as seen through periodicals that focus on the Black community.

MathSciNet (1940-Present) Access What Is It? Database produced by the American Mathematical Society covering mathematical reviews of the world’s mathematical literature since 1940.

Why Use It? Search bibliographic citations and reviews in the field of mathematics.

Melton's Encyclopedia of American Religions (8th ed., 2009) Access What Is It? Covers over 2,300 North American religious groups in the U.S. and Canada. Includes essays and directory listings.

Why Use It? To find factual information about religious groups in the US and Canada including the historical development of religious families and membership figures.

Met Opera on Demand (Varies) Access What Is It? Video of over 120 Metropolitan Opera performances. Over 300 additional audio only performances are included.

Why Use It? To listen to Met operas

Metropolitan Museum of Art Online Collection (varies) What Is It? Contains more than 400,000 high-resolution digital images of public domain works in the Museum’s world-renowned collection. The images may be downloaded directly from the Museum’s website for non-commercial use—including in scholarly publications in any media—without permission from the Museum and without a fee.

Why Use It? To view images from the Met's collection, and to find public domain images for use in projects, presentations or publications

MLA International Bibliography (1926-Present) Access What Is It? Index to scholarly literature for language, literature, linguistics and related areas such as film and television. Published by the Modern Language Association. MLA indexes primarily journal articles and book chapters, selected dissertations, and some web sites.

Why Use It? Core resource for literary and linguistic research; find critical scholarship on literature, language, linguistics, and folklore.

Modern Chinese Literature and Culture Resource Center What Is It? Online bibliographies of mostly English-language materials on modern and contemporary Chinese literature, film, art, music, and culture maintained by Kirk A. Denton at the Department of East Asian Languages and Literatures, The Ohio State University.

Why Use It? Find citations for books, articles, and websites related to Chinese popular culture.

NASA's Astrophysics Data System (1975 - Present) What Is It? Search interface providing access to scientific and technical literature in the areas of astronomy, planetary science, physics, and the arXiv e-prints.

Why Use It? To search for scientific literature in the areas of astronomy, planetary science, and physics.

National Agricultural Statistical Service (Varies) What Is It? NASS provides statistical data about American agriculture.

Why Use It? Find agricultural statistics for the US. Some agricultural data from Canada and Mexico are also included.

National Center for Health Statistics What Is It? National Center for Health Statistics is the federal department charges with gather data about America's health. Statistics ranging from incidents of Alzheimers to Blood Pressure profiles of African-Americans are collected and organized.

Why Use It? Find statistics on US health.

National Conference of State Legislatures (Coverage Varies) What Is It? Bipartisan organization primarily serving state legislators and their staff, but offers information on states' policy-making issues and a searchable database on state ballot measures (referenda and initiatives) as well as a searchable database of legislative documents related to referenda and initiatives.

Why Use It? Get detailed information on every state's legislative policy issues, ballot measures and news tracking on policy topics.

Nations of the World (current) What Is It? Links to worldwide official government websites.

Why Use It? Get non-U.S. government information; links to constitutions, contact and descriptive information about executive, legislative, and judicial branches of other governments.

Naxos Music Library (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Naxos Music Library is a comprehensive collection of streaming music. It includes the complete Naxos, Marco Polo and Dacapo catalogues of over 85,000 tracks, including Classical music, Jazz, World, Folk and Chinese music. Be sure to log out of the database after your Naxos session.

Why Use It? Listen to streaming music selections from the Naxos Music Library. Find information about a composer or a musical piece.

NBER (National Bureau of Economic Research) What Is It? NBER, the National Bureau of Economic Research, publishes working papers in the field of economics.

Why Use It? Find working papers in economics.

NBER Economic Indicators and Releases What Is It? National Bureau of Economic Research's links to economic data releases. Links include release dates and archival data.

Why Use It? Find economic data and datasets

NCES - National Center for Educational Statistics (Coverage Varies) What Is It? The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), located within the U.S. Department of Education and the Institute of Education Sciences, is the primary federal entity for collecting and analyzing data related to education.

Why Use It? Find statistics on education or educational institutions

NCHS FastStats A-Z (Coverage Varies) What Is It? Official US statistics on health issue published by the National Center for Health Statistics

Why Use It? Find health statisics for the United States from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

NCJRS (National Criminal Justice Reference Service) Abstracts Database (1970-Present) What Is It? Contains summaries of more than 195,000 publications including: Federal, State, and local government reports; books; research reports; journal articles; and unpublished research. Subject areas include corrections, courts, drugs, law enforcement, juvenile justice, crime statistics, domestic preparedness, and victims.

Why Use It? To find articles, reports, and book citations related to crime and the courts in the United States.

Neighborhood Change Database (1970-2010) Access What Is It? Census data from the 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010 Censuses at the tract level. The resource allows you to overlay the 2010 tracts over previous census tracts in order to do accurate comparisons of data in the exact same geographical areas.

Why Use It? Either compare data among censuses or interrogate a single census for demographic data.

New Encyclopedia of Africa (2nd ed., 2008) Access What Is It? Addresses the entire history of African cultures from the pharaohs and the ancient civilizations of the south through the colonial era to the emergence of 53 independent countries. Covers issues facing the continent such as global development, the AIDS crisis, and international terrorism.

Why Use It? Find brief information about the history, leaders, countries, and cultures of Africa.

New Oxford American Dictionary (3rd ed., 2010) Access

New York Amsterdam News (1922-1993) Access What Is It? Digitized version of the New York Amsterdam News, one of the U.S.'s leading black newspapers and one of New York's most influential black-owned institutions.

Why Use It? Find articles, advertisements, obituaries, cartoons, etc. documenting first hand the major news and cultural topics of the 20th century from the African-American perspective.

New York Public Library Digital Gallery What Is It? Extensive collection of images from materials in NYPL's collections. Includes photographs, posters, images of artifacts, maps, and more. See Collection Guides to browse the scope of the digital gallery.

Why Use It? Find images related to Arts & Literature, Cities & Buildings, Culture & Society, History & Geography, Industry & Technology, Nature & Science, and Printing & Graphics.

New York Review of Books (1963-Present) Access What Is It? Electronic edition of the New York Review of Books.

Why Use It? Find reviews about a particular book. Assess the significance of a book in a given time period.

New York Times (1999-Present) Access

New York Times Historical (1851-2008) Access

New Yorker Digital Archive (1925-Present) Access

NExpress Catalog What Is It? Catalog of the NExpress libraries: Bates, Bowdoin, Colby, Middlebury, Wellesley, and Williams.

Why Use It? To search for and borrow materials not available at Williams.

Nineteenth Century Masterfile (1800s-1920) Access What Is It? Index to English and American books, journals, magazines, newspapers and government documents published in the 19th and early 20th century. Includes Poole's Index to Periodical Literature.

Why Use It? Research 19th- and early 20-century views on the arts, literature, religion, politics, events, science, and more.

NIRA's World Directory of Think Tanks What Is It? Guide to thinktanks worldwide compiled by the Japanese National Institute for Research Advancement.

Why Use It? Locate and discover information about thinktanks worldwide

North Adams Transcript (2005 - present) Access

Office of Management and Budget (OMB) (Current) What Is It? The OMB is a department within the executive branch that is charged with helping the President prepare the federal budget and determines the costs and efficacy of federal programs. The president will turn to the OMB to analyze the costs and benefits of a proposed new federal program.

Why Use It? To get data on the costs and efficiencies of policy plans.

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (current) What Is It? The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees.

Why Use It? To get current data about refugees worldwide, including Refugees, Asylum Seekers, Internally Displaced Persons, Stateless Persons, and Returned Refugees Returned Refugees.

Official Documents - United Kingdom (1994-present) What Is It? Official Documents is the official reference facility for Command and departmentally sponsored House of Commons Papers. From May 2005 onwards, all Command Papers and House of Commons Papers, as well as Key Departmental Papers, are available for free on the site in PDF format.

Why Use It? Search for British Government documents.

OpenSecrets.org (1997 - current) What Is It? Founded in 1983, the non-partisan and non-profit Center for Responsive Politics tracks money in U.S. politics and its effect on elections and public policy. Their website, OpenSecrets.org, is a comprehensive resource for campaign contributions, lobbying data and analysis.

Why Use It? To identify and get financial data about corporations, interest groups and PACs (Political Action Committees) that contribute to political parties and elected officials. Data is organized by individual elected official, industry sector, and individual Political Action Committee or interest group. Data is derived from the Federal Election Commission.

Opera in Video Access What Is It? Streaming video of opera performances, interviews and documentaries. This growing collection is slated to include 250 performances of the most commonly studied operas.

Why Use It? Browse, search, and cite videos to exact moments; create playlists and custom clips. Useful in the study of musical interpretation, vocal technique, stage design, conductors, singers, opera houses, and operatic history in general.

Oral History Online (Varies) Access What Is It? Index to copyrighted oral histories from Alexander Street Press, including Ellis Island oral history narratives and rare Black Panther Party interviews. Also indexes freely available web-accessible English language oral histories.

Why Use It? Get a first-hand account of an historical events through first-person narratives.

Oxford Art Online Access What Is It? Includes the online edition of the Grove Dictionary of Art the Benezit Dictionary of Artists, the Encyclopedia of Aesthetics, The Oxford Companion to Western Art, and The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms. Provides information on all aspects of world art. Includes a database of images covering the visual arts from prehistory to the present.

Why Use It? Find articles about the visual arts. Find bibliographies about art or artists. View images of art online. Find biographies of artists.

Oxford Companion to Architecture (2009 ed.) Access What Is It? Contains over 1500 entries covering all aspects of architecture, from architects, building types, and movements and styles to materials, aspects of design, and definitions. It is particularly strong in its coverage of architecture around the world, and of modern and vernacular architecture.

Why Use It? Find encyclopedic articles on architectural topics.

Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature (2004) Access What Is It? Surveys American literature and literary history from the 1600s to the present day. Includes essays on poets, playwrights, essayists, and novelists, as well as major works and essays on literary movements, periods, and themes.

Why Use It? Find scholarly encyclopedia articles on American literature.

Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States (2005) Access What Is It? Scholarly encyclopedia that draws together the diverse historical and contemporary experiences in the US of Latina/os from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Central America, South America, Europe, Asia, and the Middle East.

Why Use It? Find scholarly encylopedia articles on Latina/os.

Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures (2001) Access What Is It? Comprehensive reference source chronicling Pre-Hispanic, colonial, and modern Mesoamerica. Covers art, archaeology, religious studies, anthropology, history, and historiography of the region.

Why Use It? Find information about Mesamerican pre-history.

Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance (2003) Access What Is It? Provides authoritative information about theatre and performance from ancient Greek theatre to the latest developments in London, Paris, New York, and around the globe. Also covers dance, opera, radio, film, television, and popular performance. Print edition also available Sawyer Reference PN2035 .O92 2003.

Why Use It? Find overviews of theatrical topics worldwide and throughout history.

Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History (2008) Access What Is It? Contains 650 biographies of influential women and over 600 topical articles covering topics such as geography and history, culture and society, organizations, movements, and gender studies.

Why Use It? Find encyclopedic information about women's movements, influential women, and the social, demographic,and political changes that women affect women in society.

Oxford English Dictionary Online (Current) Access What Is It? Complete text of the Second Edition of the Oxford English Dictionary. Considered the premier work documenting the history of English word usage.

Why Use It? Determine the spelling, pronunciation, and meaning of English words. Find the derivation, or origin, of English words; learn about the evolution of English words.

Oxford Islamic Studies Online (Varies) Access What Is It? Includes Haleem's and Arberry's translation of the Qur'an, Kassis's Concordance on the Qur'an, and several reference works including The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture, The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World, The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, What Everyone Needs to Know About Islam.

Why Use It? To find dictionary or encyclopedic information about Islam. To use a concordance of the Qur'an. To read one of the standard Oxford translations of the Ou'ran

Oxford Language Dictionaries Online Access What Is It? French-English, German-English, Italian-English, Spanish-English, English-French, English-German, English-Italian, English-Spanish dictionaries with usage and etymologies.

Why Use It? Translate and find definitions for words and phrases in French, German, Italian, and Spanish

Oxford Music Online Access What Is It? The gateway to access Grove Music Online, the Encyclopedia of Popular Music, and other online reference resources, including The Oxford Dictionary of Music and The Oxford Companion to Music.

Why Use It? To find biographies and reference articles on all genres of music, musicians, and musical instruments.

Oxford Reference (Current) Access What Is It? Collection of electronic editions of Oxford University Press Dictionaries and Handbooks.

Why Use It? Find overviews of topics in nearly all disciplines. Search for definitions. Find biographical information. Search for quotations. Check the meaning or spelling of a foreign language term.

Oxford Spanish Dictionary Access What Is It? Spanish-English, English-Spanish dictionary with usage and etymologies

Why Use It? Translate and find definitions for Spanish words and phrases

Oxford-Duden German Dictionary Access What Is It? German-English, English-German dictionary with usage and etymologies.

Why Use It? Translate and find definitions for German words and phrases

Oxford-Hachette French Dictionary Access What Is It? French-English, English-French dictionary with usage and etymologies.

Why Use It? To translate or find the meanings of French words

Oxford-Paravia Italian Dictionary Access What Is It? Italian-English, English-Italian dictionary with usage and etymologies.

Why Use It? Translate and find definitions for Italian words and phrases

PAIS International (1915-Present) Access What Is It? An index of articles, books, websites and government documents that cover global public policy, social issues and the social sciences.

Why Use It? Find articles about public policy and social issues in the U.S. and abroad. Make connections between policy and politics. Locate selected government publications about policy or social issues.

PARLINE database on national parliaments (1967-current) What Is It? The PARLINE database contains information on the structure and working methods of 265 parliamentary chambers in all of the 188 countries where a national legislature exists. From the Inter-Parliamentary Union, established in 1889.

Why Use It? To get data on specific Parliaments worldwide. Search for electoral systems, election summaries, and statistics for all parliamentary elections since 1967. Includes parliamentary mandates, salaries and oversight bodies.

Permanent Court of International Justice (1922-1946) Reports (1922-1946) What Is It? The Reports of Series A, B and A/B (from 1931) contain the decisions (Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders) delivered by the Permanent Court of International Justice from 1922 to 1940. The written pleadings, records of the public hearings and correspondence for each case are available in the Series C Reports: “Acts and Documents Relating to the Judgments and Advisory Opinions given by the Court” (until 1930) and “Pleadings, Oral Arguments, Documents” (from 1931). Series D contains acts and documents concerning the organization of the Court, as well as the preparation of its Rules of Court and the modifications to those Rules. The Court’s Yearbooks (entitled Annual Reports) can be found in Series E. Series F contains the catalogues of the Court’s publications.

Why Use It? To get a perspective on the history of the development of international law through the documents of the Permanent Court of International Justice.

Philosopher's Index (1940-Present) Access What Is It? An index to citations and abstracts of scholarly articles, books, book chapters, dissertations and book reviews on philosophy and related fields, including aesthetics, epistemology, ethics, logic, and metaphysics.

Why Use It? Find scholarly material on philosophers and philosophical theories. Find reviews of books on philosophy and related fields. Find philosophical perspectives on other disciplines.

Physician Profiles - Massachusetts (previous 10 years) What Is It? Profile includes: education; training; medical specialties; professional demographics; including business address; insurance plan and hospital affiliations; and available translation services; professional or community awards received; research or publications by the physician; malpractice claims paid in the past ten years; hospital discipline in the past ten years; criminal convictions in the past ten years; disciplinary actions of the Massachusetts Board of Registration in Medicine in the past ten years

Why Use It? "Consumers use Physician Profiles when trying to choose a physician from a list supplied by their HMO. Others have found the information useful when they have been referred to a specialist. Expectant mothers use Physician Profiles as one step in choosing an obstetrician. Many physicians use the system to help patients when making a referral to a specialist"

Pittsburgh Courier (1911-2002) Access What Is It? Digitized version of the Pittsburgh Courier, the most widely circulated black newspaper in the U.S. in the early 20th century.

Why Use It? Find articles, advertisements, etc. from the Pittsburgh Courier, known especially for its role in shaping black political activism in the U.S.

Polling the Nations (1986-) Access What Is It? Comprehensive source of polling information from the US and over 100 other countries.

Why Use It? Find opinion polls data from * US polling organizations e.g., Harris International, The Pew Center * Universities e.g., Rice University, University of Maryland * Newspapers e.g., New York Times, Los Angeles Times * Television news organizations e.g., CBS, NBS, Fox, CNN * International polling organizations e.g., Eurobarometer * Special interest groups e.g., Boy Scouts, AFL-CIO

Poole's Index to Periodical Literature (See Nineteenth Century Masterfile) Access

PressDisplay (Last 60 days) Access What Is It? Fulltext digitized version of over 1700 international newspapers from 92 countries in 48 different languages. Available on day of publication. Archives are maintained for 60 days. Tutorial, Printing Help

Why Use It? Browse full-color, digitized newspapers from 92 countries in 48 languages to find out how the international press covers the news. Includes an audio feature so you can listen to the articles being read to you: great way to improve your language skills.

Proceedings of the Old Bailey, 1674-1913 (1674 - 1913) What Is It? The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, 1674-1913 - A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court."

Why Use It? To find primary source material from London legal system from late 17th to early 20th Century; to study minorities, migration, class, gender and many other social issues from that time.

Project MUSE (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Collection of electronic journals published by major university presses, especially journals in the humanities and social sciences.

Why Use It? Search a selection of current humanities and social sciences ejournals.

Project Vote Smart (current) What Is It? Contains biographical information, voting records, issue positions, interest group ratings, public statements, and information about campaign finances for political candidates and office-holders at the State, Congressional, and national level.

Why Use It? To get information about any candidate for any office from the State level and up. Find out who your elected officials are, how to contact them, and what issues they support.

ProQuest (Coverage varies) Access What Is It? A multidisciplinary search of academic and general interest publications. Topics covered include the arts, current and historical news, science, health and technology, and social science.

Why Use It? A good starting point for research projects. Use to assess existing scholarship or to gather background information on your topic.

ProQuest Current Newspapers Access What Is It? A combined search of the following ProQuest newspaper databases: Ethnic NewsWatch, International Newsstand, and ProQuest Newsstand.

Why Use It? Find news articles from current mainstream U.S., international, and ethnic newspapers in one search.

ProQuest Historical Newspapers (US) (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Searchable full-text articles and images from:

Boston Globe (1872-1981)
Atlanta Constitution (1868-1945)
Chicago Defender (1921-1975)
Chicago Tribune (1849-1988)
Christian Science Monitor (1908-1998)
Hartford Courant (1764-1986)
Los Angeles Times (1881-1988)
New York Amsterdam News (1922-1993)
New York Times (1851-2008)
Pittsburgh Courier (1911-2002)
Wall Street Journal (1889-1994)
Washington Post (1877-1995)

Why Use It? Find articles, images, classifieds, advertisements in historical US newspapers.

Proquest History Vault Vietnam War and American foreign policy, 1960-1975 Access What Is It? Letters, papers, photographs, scrapbooks, financial records, diaries from the Vietnam War period.

Why Use It? Access primary sources

ProQuest International Newsstand (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Searchable fulltext (some citations) from over 170 English and non-English Language newspapers and newswire sources worldwide. Coverage for most sources begins in the late 1990s.

Why Use It? Find articles in major English language newspapers and newswires from around the world.

ProQuest National Newspapers (Current News) (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Full-text of articles from the Atlanta Journal Constitution, Boston Globe, Chicago Tribune, Christian Science Monitor, Los Angeles Times, New York Times, USA Today, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, and other highly circulated US newspapers. Articles only - does not include graphics, photos, advertisement or classifieds. New York Times Magazine and Book Reviews are available as PDFs with graphics included.

Why Use It? Search for current articles in leading U.S. newspapers; research a national or international news story; see how a national story is covered by a variety of papers. Find editorials on a topic.

PRS Group International Country Risk Guide (1989-) What Is It? BC's International Country Risk Guide provides in-depth analyses of every factor that could affect business, trade or investments in countries around the world. Each report covers politics, economic policy, extensive analysis of economic trends and an assessment of the country's financial condition. Part of Lexis-Nexis Universe.

Why Use It? Find Political Risk for businesses and investments in a region or country.

PsycArticles (1894-Present) Access What Is It? Full-text coverage of American Psychological Association journal articles (approximately 55).

Why Use It? Look for the full-text of a specific journal article published by the American Psychological Association.

PsycInfo (1887-Present) Access What Is It? Database that indexes journal articles, book chapters, books, technical reports, and dissertations in the field of psychology.

Why Use It? Search both American Psychological Association literature and internationally published literature in the field of psychology.

PubMed (Generally 1949-Present, with some older material) Access What Is It? Database provided by the National Library of Medicine containing citations to medical literature.

Why Use It? Search literature in the area of medicine, and related fields. Locate a complete journal title from the abbreviation.

RAMBI – Index of Articles on Jewish Studies (1966-current) What Is It? A selective bibliography of articles in the various fields of Jewish studies and in the study of Israel. Material listed in RAMBI is compiled from thousands of periodicals and from collections of articles - in Hebrew, Yiddish, and European languages - mainly from the holdings of the National Library of Israel. Look for journal titles in FRANCIS or use ILLiad to request full-text through interlibrary loan.

Why Use It? To identify articles published on Jews, Judaism and Judaica, especially as related to Israel.

Readers' Guide Abstracts (1983-Present) Access What Is It? Index to articles in popular, general interest magazines published in the United States and Canada.

Why Use It? Research contemporary writings on general news areas as current events, business, fashion, politics, crafts, education, history, sports, food, and science.

Readers' Guide Retrospective (1890-1982) Access What Is It? Index to articles in popular, general interest magazines published in the United States and Canada.

Why Use It? Research contemporary writings on general news areas as current events, business, fashion, politics, crafts, education, history, sports, food, and science.

Readers' Guide [Combined] (1890-Present) Access What Is It? Index to articles in popular, general interest magazines published in the United States and Canada.

Why Use It? Search across Readers' Guide Retrospective (1890-1982) and Readers' Guide Abstracts (1982-present). Research contemporary writings on general news areas as current events, business, fashion, politics, crafts, education, history, sports, food, and science.

Religion Index (1949-Present) Access What Is It? An index for articles, books and essays covering religious topics based on religions around the world, and religious perspectives on various issues. Created by the American Theological Library Association (ATLA).

Why Use It? Find scholarly articles about world religions. Locate articles that refer to or are about specific scriptural passages. Study religious perspectives on politics and various social issues.

RePEc (Research Papers in Economics) What Is It? Depository for Economic research consisting of over 200,000 working paper and 200,000 research articles. Many of these papers and articles are freely available.

Why Use It? Find working papers in Economics

RILM (1969-Present) Access What Is It? Répertoire International de Littérature Musicale (RILM) - Index to music literature. Includes references to articles, books, bibliographies, catalogues, conference proceedings, discographies, dissertations, ethnographic recordings, Festschriften, films, iconographies, and videos. Concert reviews, recording notes, and pedagogical manuals are indexed if they are of scholarly interest.

Why Use It? Search for scholarly articles in music and other fields as they relate to music. RILM is especially strong in musicology.

Roll Call Votes, United States Congress (1989 - present) What Is It? Organized by date / Congress, A roll call vote guarantees that every Member's vote is recorded, but only a minority of bills receive a roll call vote.

Why Use It? To quickly determine which Members of Congress voted for which measures. For more about compiling a Member's voting record, see Compiling a Member Voting Record.

Roper Public Opinion Archives (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? A database of survey research and public opinion data produced by the Roper Center. Includes data from Gallup polls, CNN, ABC, NBC, CBS, Fox News, General Social Surveys and many other major polling organizations.

Why Use It? Search for data from public opinion surveys 1935 - current.

Rotunda: The American Founding Era Collection (1730s-1880s) Access What Is It? Provides cross-collection searching of the papers of major figures of the early American republic including Washington, Adams, Jefferson, Madison, Dolley Madison, and Alexander Hamilton as well as a documentary collection on the ratification of the Constitution.

Why Use It? Find letters and papers of the Founding Fathers. Research the ratification of the Constitution. Research life in the early republic.

Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Current) Access What Is It? International in scope, this continually updated encyclopedia examines all areas of philosophical inquiry, ranging from aesthetics, epistemology, ethics, logic, metaphysics, and religion. 1998 print edition available in Sawyer Reference, B51 .R68 1998.

Why Use It? Find interpretation, explication and critique of philosophers and philosophical theories.

Saint Donatian Mass - Jacob Obrecht

SAMHDA (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Data Archive) (1997-current) What Is It? SAMHDA is an initiative funded under contract with the Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (CBHSQ), Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). CBHSQ has primary responsibility for the collection, analysis, and dissemination of SAMHSA's behavioral health data. CBHSQ promotes the access and use of the nation's substance abuse and mental health data through the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Data Archive (SAMHDA). SAMHDA provides public-use data files, file documentation, and access to restricted-use data files to support a better understanding of this critical area of public health.

Why Use It? To get access to United States public use and confidential data (project approval needed for confidential data) for faculty and student research.

Schedule of Volumes to the United States Serial Set 1970 - current (1970 - current) What Is It? Includes the "Numerical Lists and Schedule of Volumes" published by the Government Printing Office for each U.S. Congressional session from 1970- current.

Why Use It? To determine the Serial Volume number for Serial Set documents from 1970 - current that are indexed in the database Congressional Publications, but are not provided in digital format . The database does not include the Serial Volume number from 1970 - forward in the bibliographic information. It is needed to locate the item in the library.

SciELO Citation Index (Varies)

Science Citation Index (1900-Present) Access What Is It? One of three databases included in Web of Science that indexes scholarly journal articles. Covers the pure sciences

Why Use It? Find authors that cite a particular paper. Track research by moving backward and forward in time through a specified discipline. Search an interdisciplinary topic. Search Tutorial

ScienceDirect (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Full-text electronic access to over 1000 peer-reviewed journals published by Elsevier and its subsidiaries. Covers disciplines in the sciences, business, economics, and medicine.

Why Use It? Search for full-text articles on a topic. Browse tables of contents. Set up an email alert that notifies you when new issues of journals are available.

Scifinder Scholar (Chemical Abstracts 1907-Present; Patents 1991-Present) Access What Is It? Database developed by the American Chemical Society providing electronic access to Chemical Abstracts. Learn to search Scholar more effectively using the online interactive tutorials and strategy sheets .

Why Use It? Search for journal articles and patents in the most comprehensive chemical literature database. Find a registry number. Search by structure. Locate commercially available chemicals and their suppliers.

Scipio (17th- present; inclusive 1981-present) Access What Is It? Database of auction catalogs owned by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Getty Center, the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, the National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.), and the Clark Art Institute. Coverage includes fine and decorative arts, coins, wines, cars, baseball card and other collectibles

Why Use It? Research provenance, details, and sale information for works of art.

Scripta Sinica 漢籍全文資料庫 Access What Is It? Scripta Sinica contains most of the important Chinese Classics, especially those related to history. The database is entirely in Chinese.   「漢籍全文資料庫計畫」的建置肇始於民國七十三年,為「史籍自動化」計畫的延伸,開發的目標是為了收錄對中國傳統人文研究具有重要價值的文獻,並建立全文電子資料庫,以作為學術研究的輔助工具。「漢籍全文資料庫」是目前最具規模、資料統整最為嚴謹的中文全文資料庫之一。   資料庫內容包括經、史、子、集四部,其中以史部為主,經、子、集部為輔。若以類別相屬,又可略分為宗教文獻、醫藥文獻、文學與文集、政書、類書與史料彙編等,二十餘年來累計收錄歷代典籍已達八百多種(新增書目),四億七千七百九十六萬字,內容幾乎涵括了所有重要的典籍。計畫往後將以原建置書目為中心,逐年增設主題,並擴增系統功能,尚期為專家、學者以及愛好文化人士,提供品質更優良的電子文獻,以及更完備的檢索工具。

Why Use It? To find classic texts from Chinese literature and history.

Searchable Sea Literature

Slaves and the Courts, 1740-1860 What Is It? Contains just over a hundred pamphlets and books digitized from the collections of the Library of Congress concerning legal aspects of the experiences of African and African-American slaves in the American colonies and the United States. Includes trials and cases, reports, arguments, proceedings, and other historically important works.

Why Use It? To find primary sources related to issues of slavery in the courts.

Social Sciences Abstracts (1983-Present ) Access What Is It? Multidisciplinary abstracts to articles in English language social sciences journals.

Why Use It? Search for scholarly articles in any of the social sciences fields. Find what an author has published recently. See how a topic is covered in various disciplines.

Social Sciences Citation Index (1900-Present) Access What Is It? One of three databases included in Web of Science. Multidisciplinary database covering the journal literature of the social sciences. Disciplines covered include: Anthropology, History, Law, Linguistics, Political Science, Sociology, Psychology, Women's Studies

Why Use It? Find who cited a particular paper. Track progress of research by moving backward and forward in time through a specified discipline. Search Tutorial

Social Services Abstracts (1979-Present) Access What Is It? Provides citations and abstracts for research focused on social work, human services, and related areas, including social welfare, social policy, and community development.

Why Use It? Locate research in social services, welfare, mental health, and case work.

Sociological Abstracts (1952-Present) Access What Is It? Index to articles, conference proceedings and book reviews published in sociology journals and related fields such as anthropology, economics, education, linguistics, medicine, philosophy, political science, and social psychology.

Why Use It? Research topics in sociology and related fields (anthropology, linguistics, political science, economy). Search for conference proceedings, dissertations and book reviews.

Sophia Smith Collection: Women's History Archives at Smith College (varies) What Is It? The Sophia Smith Collection at Smith College [directions] is an internationally recognized repository of manuscripts, archives, photographs, periodicals and other primary sources in women's history. See the Search Guide to search the collections. Visit the Digital Collections to use what is available online.

Why Use It? To identify and use primary source material about women's history.

SourceOECD (1998-Present) Access What Is It? Full-text of the reports, monographs, serials, and statistical publication of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development).

Why Use It? Find economic and social data for OECD countries. Research areas reported on by the OECD including energy, transportation, agriculture, and education.

State Environmental Agencies (current) What Is It? Directory of internet links to the websites of U. S. states' environmental agencies

Why Use It? To find official environmental state agencies for every U. S. State

Statistical Abstract of the United States (1878 - present) What Is It? Abstract of statistics compiled by federal agencies. Statistical Abstract of the United States is a good place to start to find U.S. statistics.

Why Use It? Find general U.S. Statistics on labor, population, education, etc.

Statistical Insight (1973/1983 - present) Access What Is It? A multidisciplinary index to statistics covering a wide range of topics.

Why Use It? Find statistics on popular or scholarly topics. Gather background statistics before starting a research project.

Statistical Universe Access What Is It? Now Proquest Statistical Insight

Why Use It? Find statistics on popular or scholarly topics. Gather background statistics before starting a research project.

Sunday Times (1821-2006) Access

Sustainability Science Abstracts (1995-present) Access What Is It? This database indexes sources that explore all aspects of U.S. and international sustainable development, human population and demography topics, as well as societal issues involving natural resource management.

Why Use It? To find scholarly journal articles, papers, reports, books and reviews from peer-reviewed scientific journals.

Theatre in Video (1930s - present) Access What Is It? Streaming video of more than 250 productions and approximately 100 video documentaries. Includes BBC Shakespeare and a wide range of twentieth-century American and European theatrical performances from the 1930s to near present day.

Why Use It? Features include browse, search, and citing of the content as well as the ability to develop playlists and bookmark and create clips of specific scenes, monologues, stagings, etc.

Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (Homer to 1453 AD) Access What Is It? Thesaurus Linguae Graecae is a digitized database of Greek writing from Homer to 1453. The resource is meant to be used as a compendium or as a method for finding the occurence of words in Greek text

Why Use It? Find occurence of words in Greek texts from Homer to the fall of Byzantium in AD 1453.

Times (London) Digital Archive (1785-2007) Access

Times of India (1838-2004) Access What Is It? Fully searchable digitized version of the world’s most widely circulated English daily newspaper founded in 1838 to serve British residents of West India.

Why Use It? Research colonialism and post-colonialism, British and world history, class and gender issues, international relations, comparative religion, international economics, terrorism, and more.

TLS (Times Literary Supplement) (1902-2007) Access

Treaties of the Council of Europe (1949-present) What Is It? The Council of Europe Treaty Series groups together all the conventions concluded within the Organisation since 1949. Whatever they are called (“agreement”, “convention”, “arrangement”, “charter”, “code”, etc.), all these texts are international treaties in the sense of the Convention of Vienna of 1969 on the law of treaties.

Why Use It? To access the full-text of all of the Treaties prepared and negotiated through the Council of Europe.

U. S. States and Territories - Law (current) What Is It? "annotated compendium of Internet links; a portal of Internet sources of interest to legal researchers" - maintained by the Law Library of Congress

Why Use It? Find all types of legal information about states and territories of the United States

U.S. Congressional Serial Set Documents (1985-present) What Is It? The U.S. Congressional Serial Set, commonly referred to as the Serial Set, contains the House and Senate Documents and the House and Senate Reports bound by session of Congress. It began publication with the 15th Congress, 1st Session (1817). Documents before 1817 may be found in the American State Papers. In general, it includes: committee reports related to bills and other matters, presidential communications to Congress, treaty materials, certain executive department publications, and certain non-governmental publications.

Why Use It? To get full-text of documents and reports ordered to be printed by the United States Congress. Comprises the permanent record of Congressional deliberations and activities.

U.S. Congressional Serial Set Reports (1985-present) What Is It? The U.S. Congressional Serial Set, commonly referred to as the Serial Set, contains the House and Senate Documents and the House and Senate Reports bound by session of Congress. For Serial Set 1789-1969, see Congressional Publications. It began publication with the 15th Congress, 1st Session (1817). Documents before 1817 may be found in the American State Papers. In general, it includes: committee reports related to bills and other matters, presidential communications to Congress, treaty materials, certain executive department publications, and certain non-governmental publications.

Why Use It? To get full-text of documents and reports ordered to be printed by the United States Congress. Comprises the permanent record of Congressional deliberations and activities.

Ulrich's Periodicals Directory (Current) Access What Is It? Directory providing information on serials published throughout the world. Covers all subjects. Includes irregular and free of charge publications.

Why Use It? Find the publisher's address for periodicals. Gather a list of periodicals for a discipline. Find editors' names and contact information. Find circulation figures and advertisment rates for a publication.

Understanding 9/11: A Television News Archive (9/11/2001 through 9/17/2001) What Is It? The 9/11 Television News Archive is a library of news coverage of the events of 9/11/2001 and their aftermath as presented by U.S. and international broadcasters. It presents one week of news broadcasts for study, research and analysis.

Why Use It? To get primary source material relating to the news coverage of the terrorist attacks of 9/11.

UNICEF - Monitoring and statistics (Coverage Varies) What Is It? UNICEF's statistical database on children worldwide. Data include mortality, disease, education, sanitation, access to clean water, etc.

Why Use It? Find statistics on children worldwide.

United Nations General Assembly Resolutions (1946-current) What Is It? Text, dates of adoption, and vote totals for United Nations General Assembly resolutions. To compare U.N. member voting history using a variety of indicators, see Voting Practices in the United Nations from the U.S. Dept of State.

Why Use It? To find information about United Nations General Assembly resolutions, including full-text of resolutions.

United Nations Security Council Resolutions (1946-current) What Is It? Text, dates of adoption, and vote totals of the United Nations Security Council Resolutions from 1946 to current. To get comparisons of voting practices of countries in the United Nations, including the United States, see Voting Practices in the United Nations from the U.S. Dept. of State.

Why Use It? To find information about United Nations Security Council Resolutions, including full-text

United Nations Treaty Series (UNTS) (1946-current) Access What Is It? A collection of treaties and international agreements registered or filed and recorded with and published by the Secretariat since 1946. The UNTS includes the texts of treaties in their authentic language(s), along with translations into English and French, as appropriate.

Why Use It? Obtain text of treaties to which U.N. member nations are party.

United States Census Bureau - Poverty Data (coverage varies) What Is It? The most current data presented here are from the Current Population Survey (CPS), 2006 Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC), the source of official poverty estimates. The CPS ASEC is a sample survey of approximately 100,000 household nationwide. These data reflect conditions in calendar year 2005. Some historical data is also given.

Why Use It? To find poverty data for the United States.

United States Department of Agriculture (current) What Is It? According to mission statement, the USDA aims to provide "leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources, and related issues based on sound public policy, the best available science, and efficient management."

Why Use It? To find current U.S. Government policy information about agricultural issues, including marketing, food safety, nutrition, and economics. Use the National Agricultural Library's catalog, Agricola to find books and articles on agricultural issues.

United States Department of Defense (current) What Is It? DefenseLINK is the official web site for the Department of Defense and the starting point for finding U.S. military information online.

Why Use It? To find official information about defense policies, organizations, functions and operations.

United States Energy Information Administration What Is It? The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) is the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. EIA collects, analyzes energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment. EIA is the Nation's premier source of energy information and, by law, its data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the U.S. Government.

Why Use It? Find data on coal, oil, nuclear energy, its production and use.

United States Environmental Protection Agency What Is It? United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) leads the nation's environmental science, research, education and assessment efforts. The mission of the Environmental Protection Agency is to protect human health and the environment.

Why Use It? To get documents and data on any aspect of United States federal environmental policy.

United States Geographic Survey (Maps, Imagery and publications) (varies) What Is It? As the Nation's largest water, earth, and biological science and civilian mapping agency, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collects, monitors, analyzes, and provides scientific understanding about natural resource conditions, issues, and problems. The diversity of our scientific expertise enables us to carry out large-scale, multi-disciplinary investigations and provide impartial scientific information to resource managers, planners, and other customers.

Why Use It? To identify maps and images produced by the USGS; many images can be downloaded; USGS topographical maps can be located in Williams College Schow Science Library.

United States Government Manual (current) What Is It? The official handbook of the Federal Government, the United States Government Manual provides comprehensive information on the agencies of the legislative, judicial, and executive branches. It also includes information on quasi-official agencies, international organizations in which the United States participates, and boards, commissions, and committees. The Manual begins with reprints of the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution.

Why Use It? To find detailed information about the functions and purposes of all United States Government Agencies.

United States House of Representatives (current) What Is It? United States House of Representatives. For dates of Congressional sessions, names and biographical information of all members, past and present, go to House History

Why Use It? To get current and historical information about and from the United States House of Representatives

United States Senate (current) What Is It? The Senate of the United States. For more information, see Dates of Congressional sessions and Senate information clearinghouse.

Why Use It? To find information about and from the United States Senate, including biographical, historical and statistics.

US Census. Foreign Trade Statistics (Varies) What Is It? Mandated by the US Code, the Census Bureau in cooperation with the Treasury Department reports statistics about US imports and exports. The data provided includes detailed monthly data on US exports and imports by partner country. To find historical statistics, you must fo to the particular monthly report and use the find button to locate the data that you need.

Why Use It? Find statistics on US imports and exports.

USA Counties (current) What Is It? "USA Counties features more than 5,900 data items for the United States, the 50 states (plus the District of Columbia), and all of the nation’s 3,141 counties and county equivalents, and covers areas such as age, agriculture, ancestry, banking, building permits, business patterns, crime, earnings, education, elections, employment, government, health, households, housing, income, labor force, manufactures, population, poverty, retail trade, social programs, veterans, vital statistics, water use, and wholesale trade. It is the most comprehensive source for data on counties in the United States."

Why Use It? To get county-level data on United States counties

USA Today (1989-Present) Access

USA Trade® Online (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? A database providing access to U.S. merchandise trade data. Includes current and cumulative export and import data on more than 18,000 export commodities and 24,000 import commodities worldwide. Produced by STAT-USA and the Foreign Trade Division of the U.S. Census Bureau.

Why Use It? Search for U.S. import/export data on specific products and create custom reports.

USA.gov (current) What Is It? U.S. government's easy-to-use consumer-oriented web portal, with special sections for citizens, businesses and nonprofits, government employees, and visitors to the U.S.

Why Use It? To get consumer- and citizen- oriented information from the U.S. Government.

USAID - Development Experience Clearinghouse (Reports) (1980-) What Is It? USAID's Development Experience Clearinghouse (DEC) is the largest online resource for USAID funded technical and program documentation, with over 69800 documents available for electronic download. Search the Development Experience System (DEXS), USAID's online database of agency-funded technical and program-related documents, download USAID documents in PDF format for free, and sign up for DEC Express, our bi-weekly e-publication that lists recently acquired documents.

Why Use It? Find research reports on development economics

USDA - National Agricultural Statistics Services (Coverage Varies) What Is It? Statistical data complied by the Statistics Services of the US Department of Agriculture. Data include livestock and crops broken down by state and region. Good resource for finding statistics on US agricultural production.

Why Use It? Find "Tables at a Glance" or in-depth statistics on agriculture in the United States.

Vanderbilt Television News Archive (1968-Present) Access What Is It? The collection holds individual network evening news broadcasts from the major U.S. national broadcast networks: ABC, CBS, NBC, and CNN, and special news-related programming including ABC's Nightline. Special reports cover presidential press conferences and political campaign coverage, and major national and international events.

Why Use It? Search major U.S. network television evening news broadcasts and special news programs.

Vogue Archive (1892 - Present) Access What Is It? Contains the entire run of Vogue magazine (US edition), from the first issue in 1892 to the current month, in high-resolution color page images.

Why Use It? The Vogue Archive preserves the work of the world's greatest fashion designers, stylists and photographers and is a unique record of American and international fashion, culture and society from the dawn of the modern era to the present day.

Wall Street Journal (1982-Present) Access

Wall Street Journal Historical (1889-1994) Access

Washington Post (1987-Present) Access

Washington Post Historical (1877-1995) Access

Web of Science (1900-Present) Access What Is It? Multi-disciplinary index to academic and general interest journals. Includes Science Citation Index Expanded (1900-present), Social Sciences Citation Index (1900-present) and Arts & Humanities Citation Index (1975-present).

Why Use It? Search for articles on a wide variety of subjects. Get a sense of how much has been written on your topic. Gather background information. Good place to start most research projects. Indexes more scholarly journals than the Expanded Academic Index. Find who cited a particular paper.
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Western Massachusetts Newspapers (Varies) Access What Is It? Full-text of articles of regional Massachusetts newspapers, including the Berskshire Eagle (2005-Present), North Adams Transcript (200-present), Boston Globe (1980-Present), The Republican (Springfield) (1988-Present). Paid advertisements are excluded.

Why Use It? Find recent news articles in Massachusetts newspapers. Research all aspects of Massachusetts life as reported in the local papers.

Who's Who (Current) Access What Is It? Biographical Essays from Who's Who in America, Who's Who in the World, Who was Who and 17 companion publications.

Why Use It? Find biographical information on people in the Arts, the Media, Education, Science, Politics, the Military, etc.

Wiley Online Library (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? Electronic database of journals published by Wiley, focuses on the sciences and social sciences.

Why Use It? Search for the full-text journal articles.

Williams College Library Video Search

Williams WorldCat What Is It? Catalog of library holdings worldwide, including Williams College, NExpress, and Boston Library Consortium.

Why Use It? Search for and borrow materials that are not available at Williams.

Women Working 1800-1930 (1800-1930) What Is It? Focuses on women's role in the United States economy and provides access to digitized historical, manuscript, and image resources selected from Harvard University's library and museum collections. The collection features 7,500 pages of manuscripts; 3,500 books and pamphlets; 1,200 photographs

Why Use It? To find information on women's role in the United States economy between 1800-1930, including images and archival materials

Women Writers Project (1400-1850) Access What Is It? A text-encoding project devoted to making early modern women's writing accessible.

Why Use It? Search electronic reproductions of selected writings and works of women covering a period from 1400 to 1850.

Women's Bureau, United States Department of Labor (current) What Is It? The Women’s Bureau’s mission is to improve the status of wage-earning women, improve their working conditions, increase their efficiency, and advance their opportunities for profitable employment.

Why Use It? To find United States Government information and policy about the role and status of women.

Women's Studies International (1972-Present) Access What Is It? Covers the core disciplines in Women’s Studies and related areas. Includes references to journals, newspapers, book chapters, reports, dissertations, and more.

Why Use It? Find journal articles, book chapters and bibliographies on women's issues.

Worcester Telegram and Gazette (1989-Present) Access What Is It? Full-text of articles that appeared in the Worcester Telegram and Gazette. Paid advertisements are excluded.

Why Use It? Research issues related to Massachusetts (particularly Central Massachusetts) politics and life, including community events, schools, politics, government policies, cultural activities, local companies, state industries, and people in the community.

World Development Indicators (Coverage Varies) Access What Is It? A World Bank collection of data about countries throughout the world.

Why Use It? Find data on a wide range of topics about individual countries. Compare countries by combining data on a spreadsheet. Find summaries of the condition of individual countries. Locate countries on an electronic map.

World Digital Library (all historical time periods) What Is It? Focuses on providing free online access to significant primary materials, including manuscripts, maps, rare books, recordings, films, prints, photographs, architectural drawings, and other types of primary sources from UNESCO member countries.

Why Use It? To find significant primary materials, including film and images, from countries and cultures around the world.

World Institute for Development Economics Research Publications Search (Varies) What Is It? World Institute for Development Economics Research of the United Nations University (UNU-WIDER) is the first research and training centre of the United Nations University (UNU), established in Helsinki, Finland in 1984. UNU-WIDER undertakes applied research and policy analysis on global development and poverty issues.

Why Use It? Find working papers in the field of development economics

World News Connection (1994-2013) Access What Is It? Publications of the Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS), a U.S. Government agency which monitors and translates radio and television broadcasts, news agency transmissions, newspaper and periodical articles, online sources, non-classified technical reports, and government statements from within other countries. The CIA ended public access to the World News Connection on Dec. 31, 2013. For more, see CIA Halts Public Access to Open Source Service.

Why Use It? Study a topic from another country's perspective. Learn more about events and developments happening in other countries.

World Public Opinion (varies) What Is It? WorldPublicOpinion.org is an international collaborative project whose aim is to give voice to public opinion around the world on international issues. WorldPublicOpinion.org was initiated by and is managed by the Program on International Policy Attitudes.

Why Use It? To get information and analysis about public opinion on international policy issues from around the world.

World Shakespeare Bibliography Online (1961-Present) Access What Is It? Searchable electronic database consisting of Shakespeare-related scholarship and theatrical productions published or produced worldwide since 1961.

Why Use It? Research the production history Shakespeare plays since 1961. Find scholarly articles about Shakespeare and his works.

WorldCat What Is It? Catalog of library catalogs. It contains records from over 10,000 libraries from around the world.

Why Use It? Verify accuracy of bibliographic information. Find out which library an item is located.

Yahoo Finance (1962- (but varies)) What Is It? Yahoo Finance contains company profiles, SEC filings, annual reports, stock quotes (for many companies going back to 1962), and other financial information about US and Canadian companies.

Why Use It? Find current and historical stock, bond and money market data. Composite data for some industries is also available. Find finacial information such as annual reports and SEC filings for US companies.

Yearbooks: United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (1968 - present) What Is It? "The UNCITRAL Yearbook is a compilation of all substantive documents related to the work of the Commission and its Working Groups. It also reproduces the annual Report of the Commission which is published as Supplement No. 17 of the "Official Records of the General Assembly".

Why Use It? To find documents related to international trade as administered through the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law

Zoological Record (1864-present) Access What Is It? Can be useful to: Determine the first appearance of an animal name or new species Track taxonomic and nomenclatural changes

Why Use It?